The Pasteurization of France, trans. A. Sheridan and J. Law, Cambridge Mass.: Harvard University Press, , BRUNO LATOUR The ‘Franslatcd by Aian Sheridan andjolin r^iw The Pasteurization of France Bruno Latour Translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish.

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To his credit Latour is a linguistically dexterous, however vapid, writer.

The Pasteurization of France — Bruno Latour | Harvard University Press

The only losers in all this are the microbes. Tolstoy attacks the hagiography of Napoleon showing how he was only a part of the war, Latour does the same with Pasteurizaation.

But for the agents to make their positions durable and ir- reversible, they need recognized properties, that is, achievements. Jousset de Bellesme asks indignantlyp. Tolstoy was right here, too. On June 2,in the little village of Pouilly-le-Fort in Beauce, Louis Pasteur defeated a terrible disease of sheep and cows. With a powerful disinfectant, silver nitrate.

I apply these simple tools to the analysis of pasteuirzation periodicals: This is why they threw themselves with such enthusiasm on pasteurizatjon and always said that “his principles were so strongly established that they could never be overthrown. I’m actually reading the “appended” manifesto “Irreductions”, which is absolutely brilliant.

Illness, as defined by the hygienists, can be caused by almost anything. Latour asks what would happen if no distinction was drawn between force and reason? The Pasteur of the Revue Scientifique was not an obscure hero who was fighting alone against all and who had to convince his irremediably skeptical adversaries step by step Vallery-Radot: Hygiene and the Obligatory Points of Passage Let us take a look at the side of the hygienists and see why they seized so readily on any argument about microbes to emerge from the mi- crobiological laboratories.

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If, therefore, we say of a man that he has moved a mountain, it is because he has been credited with or has appro- priated the work of the crowd that he claimed to command but that Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 23 he also followed. After we have found a method of pasteurizing beer, then the brewer will be able to have nothing but economic relations with his customers.

One may have guessed the cause of this shift in metaphysics. It is the operation of these forces, in combination with the talent of Pasteur, that Bruno Latour sets before us as a prime example of science in action. These figures ought also, if science and societies were Popperian, to put into question all the efforts of the hygienists and, still more, those of their Pasteurian allies. To speak of “revolution” is difficult enough in politics, but it is impossible in such a subject.

Often no study is available, and the sociologist has to abandon the ground and believe, like anyone else, in the idea of a preexistent social context, at least for the period and the science he pasteurizwtion not studying. War and peace of microbes — Irreductions.

This was an inadequate theory and they knew it. They must be cleaned out. Indeed, pzsteurization exactness of a science does not come from within.

Bruno Latour – The Pasteurization of France

Nor can the scientism of the period alone explain this immediate trust, for controversies were just as passionately fought out in that century as in any other. Gibert recounts how the sick sailor, a friend of the sailor who died at Toulon, has his linen washed by his sister: Thus, all the great problems of hygiene — overcrowding, quaran- tine, smells, refuse, dirt — were gradually retranslated or dissipated.

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Without replacing the armies, the battles, or even the commanding officers, they indicated or directed the blows.

It is the operation of these forces, in combination with the talent of Pasteur, that Bruno Latour sets before us as a prime example of science in action. The great man is alone in his laboratory, alone with his concepts, and he revolutionizes the society around him by the power of his mind alone. Even the Pasteurians who were most determined to spread the myth of a Pasteur struggling alone against the shades of obscurantism are forced to recognize the unanimity with which his experiments were received.

A particular remedy was new, but it might only be a method that would paseturization superseded tomorrow. Third, in no other scientific or technological innovation has there been so short a route between fundamental re- search and its rapid, far-reaching application — so much so that it is reasonable to wonder whether this is not the only example, which has been exaggerated into a general law. They cannot be reduced to a “social or political explanation,” since they are renewing the political game from top to bottom with new forces.

We would hke to feel that somewhere, pasteurzation addition to the chaotic confusion of power relations, there are rational rela- frrance. The statistical results of those efforts were uncertain, but with new methods the results at last had the unquestioned certainty of the sciences of time: