KARAITE ANTHOLOGY Excerpts from the Early Literature TRANSLATED FROM ARABIC, ARAMAIC, AND HEBREW SOURCES WITH NOTES BY LEON. Karaite Anthology. Edited and translated by Le. Yale University Press. Pp. xxvi, (Yale Judaica Series. Volume vii). This book marks the first attempt in. Results 1 – 30 of 39 Karaite Anthology: Excerpts from the Early Literature by Nemoy, Leon (ed.0 and a great selection of related books, art and collectibles.

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His stature as a scholar and thinker has only re- karaitee been brought to light in anything approaching its full measure, and future publication of his as yet undiscovered works may well force a revision of this estimate toward an even higher level.

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Thus, Scripture says, confirming the validity of the use of reason: For this thing the Lord will pardon thy servant If a sick man has signed away a gift to one person and sub- sequently changed his mind and signed it away to another per- son, the second person has the right to it while the first person has none, because so long as the gift has not passed into the actual possession of the one or the other it remains the property of the original owner, who may assign and give it to whomsoever he wishes.

For some years afterward he seems to have lived in Jerusalem; in any case, he exhibits in his writings a familiarity with the topography of Jerusalem and the geography of the Holy Land that can only have been acquired from per- sonal experience and observation. The scroll makes mention, furthermore, of Naomi and the excellence of her conduct, her mind, and her faith, as well as her steadfastness in the face of successive trials; also how she managed her affairs until she reached the thing which made her soul happy, as it is written: The po- litical and economic decay of the Persian Empire during the sixth and seventh centuries intensified the rnisciy of this major com- ponent of the Jewish community and produced in many minds a conviction that their situation was despciatc and could not be en- dured very much longer.

We learn from this that they spoke to Joseph in Hebrew, while he addressed them in another tongue, i. Forsooth as a wife has betrayed her husband, even thus have you betrayed me, 0 house of Israel, says the Lord Jer. The same ap- plies to burns, wounds, and welts, as it is written: And the whole earth was of one language Gen.

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In civil and criminal law Karaism is again more stringent than Rabbanism; e. This shows us that pregnancy does become recog- nizable in three months.

He has abandoned us like sheep without a shepherd; lie has cast down from heaven unto the earth the splendor of Israel Lam. Or if you say that he was not a man of understanding, then you need not obey his words, and it follows that the truth was to be discovered by the later scholars, as it is written further on: These three mild reforms constitute the total changes introduced and generally accepted during the entire course of Karaite history.

Catalog Record: Karaite anthology, excerpts from the early literature | Hathi Trust Digital Library

He made the earth the abode of His presence and of His servants whom He has honored with His choice, as it is writ- ten heaven is my throne, and the earth ts my footstool. It earned for him a hazy sort of prestige among the other sectarians, while later Karaism elevated him to the dignity of the father of its synagogue and honored his lineal descendants with the title of prince. But we are guilty concerning our brother. In a majestic display of prophets, of signs, and of mir- acles; Yet all this majestic beauty we do not see in the whole Mishnah.

The portions which have so far been discovered represent concise, rather dry and monotonous exposi- tions of various points of religious law and practice, and if there were additional chapters of general dogmatics or polemics with Rabbanitcs or other sectarians, these have yet to be found.

They feared the Lord and worshiped their god H Kings He says further- The commandments of the Lord are upright, rejoicing the heart, referring to the satisfaction felt by the human heart because of the truth of the premises and con- clusions contained in His commandments; and further: But the Sabbath is known to all the inhabitants of the world as a day of rest, From factual knowledge and reasoning, not merely from reckoning by three, five, and six.

About the middle of the tenth century Persia and Iraq, the cradle of the schism, gradually lost their dominant position as centers of Karaite population and culture and were superseded in importance by the settlements in Jerusalem and Egypt.

Ac- tually, how-ever, Jeroboam did not deny the Creator or disac- knowledge Him or worship idols, as some people imagine. There is, of course, no certainty whatever that this list repre- sents al-I?

It shall bring forth new fruit according to its months Ezek. The most im- portant of these centers of medieval Jewry, the mainspring of Jew- ish learning, culture, and authority, had long since been anchored in Iraq, the ancient Babylonia.

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In the days of the Gaon Yehudai there lived Anan and his son Saul. This is comparable to our own procedure with animals and similar creatures, whose constitu- tion is different from ours, whom we must govern and manage, to whom we must communicate our wishes, who do not know our speech, and whose sounds and utterances are not akin to ours.

He has not done unto us according to our sins Ps, So that my congregation might not be seduced by what is hidden from them. Nothing more is known about his life. If they are partners in the same trade and in the same shop, they should write down the names of their mothers as well as those of their fathers. If a person subject to capital punishment repents of his evil deeds, we do not accept his repentance.

And the man smote him, smiting and wounding I Kings Moved by envy and hatred, which took hold of his heart, he proceeded to build up a sand hill of heresy anthologt to seduce Israel from the tradition of the Sages And let them offer sacrifices of thanhsgmng Ps. Let us therefore begin with the explanation of the meaning of In the beginning Gen.

Catalog Record: Karaite anthology, excerpts from the early | Hathi Trust Digital Library

Moreover, their foiccd estrangement from the Rabbanite community meant the closing of the only missionary field open to them and the collapse of the hope that their teaching would ultimately be accepted by all of Jewry. Ikdppai 2 8. It reads as fol- lows: Eye for eye, tooth kataite tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.

A similar case is the verse, And for the bounty of the products of the sun. And thou shalt sacrifice the passover offering unto the Lord thy God of sheep and cattle. The gods that have not created heaven and earth shall perish.

This in fact is what kadaite Greek and other philosophers quote in his name and IS now incorporated in their books.

The fact, however, is that while Anan freely used Rabbanite exegetical and juridical methods, he came to entirely divergent conclusions, m direct con- trast to Benjamin al-Nahawandl, who employed distinctly Karaite methods of legal exegesis but came to many conclusions identical with or closely parallel to Rabbanite legal norms.