The Beijing Consensus refers to the political and economic policies of the People’s Republic of China instituted after Mao. The Beijing Consensus is increasingly viewed by developing countries as an Source: Joshua Cooper Ramo: “The Beijing Consensus: Notes on the New. Beijing Consensus was a term initially coined by Joshua Cooper Ramo in , as a superior, and distinctly Asian, developmental model.

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Xi Jinping Deputy Leader: Ramo was a former senior editor and foreign editor of Time magazine and later a partner at Kissinger Associatesthe consulting firm of former U.

The policies are thought to have contributed to China’s eightfold growth in gross national product over two decades. Discipline Inspection Commission Secretary: Xi Jinping Head of state: Li Zhanshu Conference Chairman: The Case of China”.

One critic of Ramo’s plan is University of Oregon professor Arif Dirlika “notable specialist in Chinese and in intellectual history,” who wrote the paper Beijing Consensus: It is one that Beijing eagerly exports as demonstrated by its support of other illiberal regimes, such as those in SudanAngolaor Zimbabwe by offering developing countries “no-strings-attached gifts and loans”, rather than “promoting democracy through economic aid”, as does the West. It is inaccurate to describe the Chinese model as the “Beijing consensus” versus the “Washington consensus.

Wang Huning Deputy Director: From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Halper argues that China’s model of economic development without corresponding democratic reforms is serving as a template throughout the developing world.

Beijing Consensus – Wikipedia

Retrieved 28 January Miao Hua Logistic Support Dept. Central Foreign Affairs Commission Director: Economic development policy Development economics Political-economic models Economy of China. This paper represents a first-cut effort at operationalizing and measuring the so-called Beijing Consensus or China Modela form of state capitalism which some see as an ideological alternative to the Washington Consensus and a challenge to American soft power.

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Ramo argues that there is no perfect solution, and that the only true path to success is one that is dynamic, as no one plan works for every situation.

Xu Qiliang Zhang Youxia. Zhao Kezhi State Councilor.

The Beijing Consensus – Joshua Cooper Ramo – Google Books

He sees this as establishing a trend “Away from the market – democratic model—and toward a new type of capitalismwhich can flourish without the values and norms of Western liberalism ” [14] which could ultimately supplant the Washington consensus. An Alternative Model for Development”.

Collective ownership Commons Private ownership Public ownership Social ownership. Scientific Outlook on Development. Constitution Previous constitutions The China Model is sometimes used interchangeably with the Beijing Consensus, [1] and sometimes by those who insist “it is inaccurate to describe the Joshux model as the ‘Beijing consensus’ versus the ‘Washington consensus’.

Barnett Papers in Social Research. Wang Yang Vice-Chairpersons Top-ranked: Li Keqiang Office Chief: This page was last edited on 31 Octoberat Part of a series on. Part of a series on the. National Defense Mobilization Commission.

Business and economics portal. The third guideline urges a policy of self-determination, where the less-developed nations use leverage to keep the superpowers in check and assure their own financial sovereignty. Views Read Edit View history. National Defense Mobilization Dept. Sectors Common property Private Public Voluntary. General Office Joint Staff Dept.

Ramo has detailed it as a pragmatic policy that uses innovation and experimentation to achieve “equitable, peaceful high-quality growth”, and “defense of national borders and interests”, [4] whereas other scholars have used it to beijjing to “stable, if repressive, politics and high-speed economic growth”.

This includes not only financial self-determination, but also a shift to the most effective military strategy, which Ramo suggests is more likely to be an asymmetric strategy rather than one that seeks direct confrontation. The first guideline involves a “commitment to innovation and constant experimentation.

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Beijing Consensus

Critics at the free-market oriented magazine The Economist have called the model “unclear” and an invention of “American think-tank eggheads” and “plumage-puffed Chinese academics”. Many economic problems that we face are actually political problems in disguise, such as the nature of the economy, the nature of the ownership system in the country and groups of vested interests.

Not an actual interview, quotations are drawn from book with questions added to provide context. The Foreign Policy Centre. He added that, “From the western perspective, the ‘China model’ theory makes China into an rxmo outlier, and must lead to conflict between China and the western world”, adding that the tariffs and the trade cobsensus persued by U.

Student Beijinf Academic Journal. Retrieved October 30, Part of a series on Economic systems By ideology.

Liu He General Office Director: Stefan HalperDirector of American Studies at the Department of Politics, Cambridge and former foreign policy official in the NixonFordand Reagan administrations, offered his own interpretation of the term in his book, The Beijing Consensus: The model received considerable attention following the severe economic downturn in the Western world as an alternative to the “Washington Consensus” liberal-market approach.

Xi Jinping Communist Party leader: Although Dirlik is intrigued by the concepts and philosophy of Ramo’s Beijing Consensus, he says that Ramo’s plan is a “Silicon Valley model of development” that ignores the fact that the exploitation of China’s labor force by foreign countries was a major part of the Chinese development.