PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version PDF created with pdfFactory Pro trial version P. 15 mar. O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs. começa em nível teórico na introdução de “Morte e Vida das Grandes Cidades”. Apesar de. In this indispensable book, urban visionary Jane Jacobs – renowned author of The Death and Life of Great Jacobs pinpoints five pillars of our culture that are in serious decay: community and family; higher Morte e vida de grandes cidades.
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In rural areas, also, there are examples of social capital, entrepreneurship and creativity. In Systems of Survival English youth gangs, the pre-historic cultures of India, and the debt crisis of the Grwndes World are just as easily discussed as the influence of the Italian Mob in Canada, the customs of the East-African tribe – and the adventures of her father in law in the American Civil War.
She loves the urban dynamic and is fascinated by the people who live, work and amuse themselves in cities. A Dialogue on the Moral Foundations of Commerce and Politics Jacobs presents a theory in the form of a series of discussion between five fictional New Cixades who discuss moral issues.
Quem planeja? O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs | Caos Planejado
This comparison simply shows the way in which new activities develop from existing ones and thus how the economy of cities grows. Here, factory, industry and port areas are not just destroyed; instead, they reuse these buildings more and more as multi-company buildings, museums or living space.
The fondness for fundamental issues that Jacobs developed in the nineties is also clear from her most recent book, which she ominously titled Dark Age Ahead Then she found out how little planning theory corresponded with the reality of city life.
Despite or maybe because of her unsystematic way of working, her books are a pleasure to read: She believes separatism results from the rivalry between Quebec and the neighboring, but much wealthier province Ontario. When even her own neighborhood was threatened by this urban monotony, Jacobs had enough and she started to write. According to her, it is important to always approach these kinds of fundamental societal issues with a creative and fresh view, an eye for the existing, and common sense.
After graduating from high school, where she claims she was bored and secretly read other books during the class, she became a voluntary journalist with the local newspaper.
According to Jacobs, however, cities already existed before humankind even started with agriculture; in fact, it was the cities that have made agricultural activities possible.
Only if in the jumble of facts, experiences and happenings a pattern is recognizable, she advances to generalizations. Apart from what Jacobs has written about cities, her work on fundamental values is very topical. In this context Jacobs points to the situation in Brazil, the United States and Italy in the sixties.
Leia agora o “A natureza das economias”, escrito 40 anos depois do “Morte e Vida”. Very exceptionally, inshe accepted the Toronto Arts for Life Time Achievement on Jane Jacobs Day; from that moment on, she has refused all prizes and honorary doctorates.
Lastly, Jacobs advocates a high degree of concentration of people in one place. Thirdly, there should be enough variation in the residential area: For current municipal policy makers, her vision on city diversity is of importance. In such a busy and geandes neighborhood the local supermarket, the kebab shop and the chain store can coexist without problems. This method is clearly seen in the lively writing style of Jacobs. Also in The Question of Separatism: Her interest, however, seems so have shifted since the nineties to more social-philosophical issues, which also resulted in three books.
These differences are an explanation for the paradox that a country can do well economically, on paper, while some of the inhabitants live in great poverty.
During recent decades the easy way out was often chosen in city planning – with dullness and mono-functionality in the urban area as a result. The street is icdades scene a “sidewalk ballet,” according to Jacobs, which determines the security, social cohesion and economic development of cities.
Quem planeja? O planejamento descentralizado de Jane Jacobs
If Quebec separated from Canada and got self-government, this impasse could end: The Question of Separatism Tricky discussions about privatizing the national railroad system, the desirability of socially responsible enterprises and the question whether or not to introduce efficiency incentives at the police and in education indicate how delicate the relationship between public and private is.
In her book, Jacobs introduces an analysis that contradicts the prevailing opinions on urban development. In order to turn the tide, Jacobs makes an appeal that reminds one of the biblical principle “Explore many things, but keep the good thing.
In exact subjects, also, we see the application of the organic, evolutionary approach that Jacobs supports. Jacobs was arrested twice while doing this.
Moreover, apart from these dynamics, many cities nowadays have more and more problems with livability and safety. In an area of the city with different kinds of suppliers and buyers, entrepreneurs can share their facilities, such as office spaces and machines, and profit from a varied supply of knowledge and expertise.
According to Jacobs, macro-economic figures like growth or unemployment percentages give a biased view: Although Jacobs may have studied a couple of subjects at university, she has never finished an academic study.
The fact is that this variety on the small scale results in the critical mass which is necessary to maintain an equally varied supply of local facilities. From this perspective, even taking out the garbage or having a talk with a passer-by is a deed of dramatic expression.
Pedestrians must have the possibility to go round, take a different route sometimes, and thereby discovering something new.