Samuel Ibn Tibbon (c. –) was a translator, philosopher, and philosophical commentator on the Bible. He is most famous for his. Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon, (born , Granada, Spain—died c. , Marseille ), Jewish physician and translator of Jewish Arabic-language works into. Jacob ben Tibbon is also known by the Latin version of his name, Prophatius Judaeus, and in Provence he is known by the name Don Pro Fiat. The ibn Tibbon .

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Ibn Tibbon’s translations are generally literal.

Ibn Tibbon, Jacob ben Machir – Brill Reference

After his death, his body was transported to the Kingdom of Jerusalemand he is buried in Tiberias. Although Samuel was raised in Lunel, he traveled extensively for business and in pursuit of knowledge.

Tension and AccommodationS. There Maimonides says that, although he can explain most aspects of the sacrificial cult, he cannot explain the reason for the table and shewbread. Judah lived on terms of intimacy with Meshullam ben Jacob and with Meshullam’s two sons, Asher and Aaron, whom in his will he tibobn as friends to his only son, Samuel. Kluwer Academic Publishers, pp. Thank you for your feedback.

Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon

But it seems that it did not circulate widely. Other Internet Resources [Please contact the author with suggestions. Harvard University Press,pp.


They were like the protagonist of Song of Songs, with heart awake even while asleep. In the preface, he discusses the problems of translating this work: Editing the text, comparing manuscripts The first order of business in translating a text is the preparation of a reliable edition.

He is to read grammatical works on Sabbaths and festivals, and is not to neglect the reading of “Mishle” and of “Ben Mishle. His unique qualities became especially apparent in…. Cambridge University Press, pp.

Samuel ibn Tibbon

How did he build on and respond to Maimonides’ use of the verse? Ibn Tibbon wrote two main original works: Method of Translation 5.

He exposes al-Harizi’s ignorance of philosophy and highlights his own mastery of the subject matter of the Guide and sensitivity to the difficulties of translation. Ridwan’s commentary on Galen’s Ars parva. World Union of Jewish Studies.

He gives also a list of corrections which he desired to be made in the copies of his translation of the Guide.

Judah ben Saul ibn Tibbon | Jewish physician and translator |

Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval. During his youth, he visited Marseilles with his father in order to engage in commerce. Lose no writing and no letter which I leave thee.


In addition to his work as translator, Ibn Tibbon was an original author in his own right. He held that many Bible narratives are to be considered simply as parables meshalim and the religious laws as guides hanhagot to a higher, spiritual life.

This Ibn Tibbon recognized. It occupies about 85 percent tobbon the Iberian Peninsula, which it shares with its smaller neighbour Portugal. His mature work, in contrast, was built largely upon the foundations of Maimonides. But promoting Maimonides meant engaging philosophy more generally as well.

In Italy, his writings were consulted and commented upon by Moses of Salerno, Zerahyah b. The tradition of defining key terms was developed already in late antiquity, and continued into the Middle Ages. Dissertation, Harvard University, While such statements were not unusual in his age, adherents of tibboh literal interpretation of the Bible, the anti-Maimonidean party see Maimonides for more detailscreated strong opposition to the work.

These subjects were particularly vexing: Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. BySamuel seems to have moved his primary residence to Marseilles.