of the Rehla had said, ‘ThiB 1 I.e. journey or travelling ; also -written as Rihla. 2 Leo In one of the mosques in Turkistan, Ibn Battuta witnessed a large whip. ابن فتح الله البيلوني) the other by Ibn Fathallah el Beylouny,(ابن جزي الكلبي) Djezy el Kelby. SOI printed by mistake ali i v LJI); the latter I possess.” He tells. A CRITICAL STUDY OF A TRAVELOGUE: RIHLA OF IBN E BATTUTA AND INDIA Ibn e Battuta, a youth of 21, competent and learned expert in law and.

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The Indians, on the other hand, “never make friends with Muslims, and never give them to eat rihoa drink out of their vessels, although at the same time they neither act nor speak offensively to them [26].

Arno, Joan and Helen Grady. A search is then made for him and where so ever the [person bearing a] resemblance to that portrait is found is arrested [30].

Since then it is being persistently translated in other languages. Map of the areas covered by Ibn Battuta highlighted in yellow. Ibn Battuta on gattuta Web: So I braced my resolution to quit all my dear ones, female and male, batthta forsook my home as birds forsake their nests. He visited Rihlw, and reached the shores of the Volga [4].

The merit of Gibb’s version gattuta that it gives a very useful and lengthy introduction on Ibn Battuta’s life, relating for instance to his adoption of an ascetic life, resigning all his offices and giving away all his possessions at some stage, before he was urged into accepting office again by Sultan Muhammad of India and became his envoy at the head of an important mission to the most powerful Emperor of China.

After travelling extensively in China, he did not stay for long, returned home He meticulously recorded his observations about new cultures, peoples, beliefs, values, etc. Crops were sown two times in Summer Kharif and in Winter Rabi. The sultan asked Ibn Battuta: Geography and cartography in medieval Islam.

Ship making was an important industry in the coastal cities. That evening a storm blew in, and the large ship with the presents ran aground and sank.

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He spent two hattuta there as a Qadi judgebefore he joined an embassy for China.

Ibn Battuta | Muslim Heritage

Click here to sign up. It was a meeting point of multi-ethnic and multi-racial traders from all the three continents. This 14th century traveler was 20 years away from his home in Tangier. He mentioned the respect shown to the women by the male counterpart. Audible Download Audio Books. He did not just perform his religious duty four times during his rihla.

Ibn Battuta

Get to Know Us. The saint interpreted this to mean that Battutw Battuta would travel to India and stay there for a long time, echoing what Burhan al-Din had said. The governor of one city gave him alms of gold and woolen cloth, as almsgiving was considered a pillar of Islam. Owing to its incompleteness, however, I can only give it a qualified recommendation.

He remained rihls that position for several years, until he fell out of favour and was thrown into prison. A handsome salary of silver dinars per annum was awarded to him.

Enter your mobile number or email address below and we’ll send you a link to download the free Kindle App. He met at least 60 rulers and a much greater number of viziers, governors, and other dignitaries; he mentioned more than 2, persons who were known to him personally or whose tombs he visited.

See Index I for a detailed map illustrating all his travels. Before he set off for India inhe had made pilgrimage trips to Mecca, and had already travelled batruta in West Asia and some ports of East Asia.

He tried to take refuge in Sandapur but failed and then decided to travel finally alone believing the custom of hospitality of the Muslims on the way.

Some distance below Cairo the Nile divides into baattuta streams, none of which can be crossed except by boat, winter or summer. The Arab equivalent of Marco Polo, Sheikh Ibn Battuta set out as a young man on a pilgrimage to Mecca that ended 27 years and 75, miles later. Eventually he learned that his ship had been seized by a non-Muslim ruler in Sumatra. In Damascus, Ibn Battuta boarded in one of the three madrasas.

John Murray, Reprint New York: All the Mongol rulers had gone, petty rulers were fighting for independence, and, the whole world had been caught by the Black Death; Plague.

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Syndicate of the Cambridge University,8, http: The Travels is a medieval book which recounts the journey of the 14th-century Moroccan scholar and traveler Ibn Battuta.

The passer byes told the boy to take the pieces to the foundation for utensils.

Ibn Battuta’s Rihla – World Digital Library

The reliability of the contents may also be established by answering the question of baftuta of the travels undertaken by Ibn e Battuta, that states; The Muslim traders had firm control over the Oceanic trading centres. Rihl fortunate we are to have accounts from two contrasting intercontinental travelers from more than years ago. I was alone, without companions, not in a caravan, but I was stirred by a powerful urge to reach my goal Mecca … I left my friends and my home, just as a bird leaves its parental nest.

This region was in a state of political and cultural transition. It took tens of days to go from one city to another.

He then visited the harbour of Aden, situated on the crater of an extinct volcano facing eastern side to the Red Sea. There are interesting anecdotes about his trip to finish with, and which offer a very interesting insight into the mind of the Muslim scholars of the time.

He narrated the beginning of his battutw as follows:. Edited by Tim Mackinstosh-Smith. This port city on the coast of the Atlantic Ocean lies 45 miles west of the Mediterranean Sea, close to the western side of the Strait of Gibraltar — where Africa and Europe nearly collide. He had a standing salaried army of 9 lacs. Then crossing southern Arabia, he went back into Eastern Africa, just to cross back into southern Arabia, and back again in Mecca; then Egypt, Syria, and then crossing Asia Battuat, to reach Crimea.

Ibn Battuta’s Batfuta [11] is an account of his travels that took him from Tangiers through over forty countries.