The Holmes-Rahe Life Stress Inventory. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale. INSTRUCTIONS: Mark down the point value of each of these life events that has . History. In , psychiatrists Thomas Holmes and Richard. Rahe examined over patient’s medical records to determine whether stressful events cause. Their results were published as the Social Readjustment Rating Scale (SRRS) [1] , now commonly known as the Holmes and Rahe Stress.

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Not necessarily true e. The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect. Items Although the scale was originally developed and validated on males, it provides useful results for both male and female subjects. Patients ranked a list of 43 life events based on a relative score. The higher the score, and the larger the weight of each event, the more likely the patient would become ill. The Holmes and Rahe stress scale is a list of 43 stressful life events that can contribute to illness.

Holmes and Rahe stress scale – Wikipedia

Over the next six months, detailed records were kept of the sailors’ health. Loneliness and social isolation of military veterans: Rahe carried out a study in testing the validity of the stress scale as a predictor of illness. Questionnaire Reviews All Journals search input.


Journal of Psychosomatic Research14 4 The total score on the SRRS was recorded for each participant. Each participant was tested once a month for ten consecutive months using the two stress measures together with another two psychometric tests for psychological etress. Saul McLeodpublished Most people experience major life events infrequently hence a better measure might look at the stresses and strains of daily life [ 10 ].

Holmes- Rahe Stress Inventory – The American Institute of Stress

Retrieved from ” https: Uplifts had a positive effect on the stress levels of women, but not yolmes. Journal of behavioral medicine4 1 Receive exclusive offers and updates from Oxford Academic.

A positive correlation of 0. Kanner et al has designed a Hassles Scale which consists of items, including concerns about losing things, traffic jams, arguments, disappointments, weight and physical appearance.

Kanner et al were interested in investigating whether it is daily hassles, rather than major life events that are the most stressful. As Life Change Units increased, so did the frequency of illness.

Similar to the adult scale, stress points for life events in the past year are added and compared to the rough estimate of how stress affects health. The Social Readjustment Rating Scale: Patients were asked to tally a list of 43 life events based on a relative score.

Daily hassles and uplifts versus major life events. Each one of the 43 stressful life events was awarded a Life Change Unit depending on how traumatic it was felt to be by a large sample of participants. It furthers the University’s objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.


Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology.

Stress and Life Events

For Permissions, please email: Although the scale is well researched, the values are only a rough approximation at best [ 13 ]. Conclusion The SRRS is surprisingly consistent despite the cross-cultural differences one would expect.

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Holmes and Rahe stress scale

Prediction of near-future health change from subjects’ preceding life changes. The researchers concluded that stresss Life Change Units were positively correlated with illness scores, experiencing life events increased the chances of stress-related health breakdown. This scale seems to suggest that change in life requires an effort to adapt and then an effort to regain stability. Most people experience major life events very infrequently. Related articles in Web of Science Google Scholar.

Subsequent validation supported the links between stress and illness [ 2 ]. Malaysians exhibited different attitudes implying different stress at the same score.