Labor and Monopoly Capital is one of the most influential books of our time,and it Harry Braverman () drew on his rich experience as pipefitter. Harry Braverman’s Labor and Monopoly Capital, first published forty years ago in , was unquestionably the work that, in the words of. This widely acclaimed book, first published in , was a classic from its first day in print. Written in a direct, inviting way by Harry Braverman, whose year.

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Although the caiptal of clerical and sales workers in the working class was still fairly contentious when Braverman was writing, today it is taken for granted in sociological studies. The Growing Worker Occupations include those employed or officially unemployed and were selected based on the following three criteria: AmericasUnited States.

The reserve army of labor in the United States: Once these growing worker categories are added in, the active labor army can be seen as accounting fairly steadily for around two-thirds of the total labor force. Harrt reflects the fact that the United States now has the most unequal distribution of wealth of all the advanced economies—an inequality that is greater than that of India and South Africa.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The following samples were used: Significantly, the organization of that talk inverted the ordering of the argument in Labor and Monopoly Capital. If you read the magazine online and can afford a print subscription, we hope you will consider purchasing one. It is used here by permission.

Routine operations in minutely subdivided organizations have replaced the bustling interest of work in well-known groups. This book first took shape in my mind as little more than a study of occupational shifts in the United States. Even on managerial and professional levels, the growth of rational bureaucracies has made work more like factory production.


Monthly Review | Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Some 80 percent of service workers and workers in retail trade did not receive enough pay to support a family of four capita the subsistence level. For Braverman this conformed to the theory of monopoly capital presented by Baran and Sweezy.

It started with what had been his overarching question all along: Oxford Capihal Press, The interpretation that Braverman was concerned overall with developing a systematic conception of the U. As he explained in no uncertain terms:.

The best analysis of the division of labor between the design and the execution of industrial production. Thank you very much.

Rather than the simple, straightforward braberman of absolute efficiency in production the managerial logic was primarily aimed, as encapsulated in the famous Babbage principle, at cheapening labor or reducing unit labor costs in order to enhance profits.

Although Braverman recognized the importance of the intermediate strata to the functioning of monopoly capitalism, he also saw this and other developments within capitalism as dynamic and subject to change.

Clerical work is where the transformation in working-class occupations over the last four decades departs most dramatically from what Braverman depicted for the bravermzn century. Labor and Monopoly Capital was read widely in many languages and had particular impact on scholarly debate in Britain, to the extent that one author described the phenomenon as jonopoly.

This is a slightly revised version of an article that appeared this fall in the Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal 26 Indeed, Braverman’s book was written in an accessible fashion precisely to make it easy for workers to comprehend the huge historical and structural changes which had taken place around them.


That portion of the population employed in manufacturing and associated industries—the so-called industrial working bracerman apparently been shrinking for some time, if not in absolute numbers at any rate in relative terms.

Objectively … the structural position of the white-collar mass is becoming more and more similar to that of the wage-workers. What sort of unproductive labors?

Labor and Monopoly Capital: The Degradation of Work in the Twentieth Century

Cambridge University Press, The resulting reserve army was used to leverage still higher levels of socially useless labor—for the unwavering purpose of feeding the accumulation of capital at the top of society.

These represent the most precarious layers of the working population.

Not only does it receive its petty share in the prerogatives and rewards of capital, but it also bears the mark of the proletarian condition. Department of Justice, In addition to the fact that some of the layers overlap conceptually, this means that some of the layers are necessarily over- or underreported.

And this requires at a minimum a reinvigoration of class struggle. However the share monoply these basic worker occupations as a percentage of all reported occupations is shown to have declined in the subsequent four decades since the publication of Labor and Monopoly Capital to 56 percent ina drop of 13 percentage points. Sociology books Marxist books Books about labour in economics in labour relations books. The data were recoded to make it possible to aggregate occupations at higher-level Census categories, as OCC contains over distinct occupations.