Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m (39ft) by m (1ft 4in) at a fast rate. It is hardy to zone (UK) The plant is not self-fertile. Suitable . PDF | Gnetum africanum is a forest liana that grows abundantly in Central Africa, South America, and tropical and subtropical Asia. Its leaves. J Med Food. Nov;14(11) doi: /jmf Epub Aug Gnetum africanum: a wild food plant from the African forest with many.

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It has also been found that the levels of iodine are also high in the vine. Gnetum buchholzianum has thick dark green leaves.


Methods of vegetative propagation using leafy stem cuttings have recently been developed. Gnetum africanum has leaves which are africannum thin and pale green. Eru is hardly cultivated at all at present, but there is massive exploitation of the remaining natural stands, which have almost disappeared in Nigeria and are becoming scarce in Cameroon, Gabon and the Central African Republic.

The vine grows in two ways: Webarchive template archiveis links Articles with ‘species’ microformats. Eru continues to grow during the dry season and new shoots may develop where the stem has been cut or where side shoots have been removed.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Agricanum eru from Cameroon, Gabon and the Central African Republic is transported to Idenau, a coastal village in Cameroon, and from there by boat to Nigeria. It has also been noted that the vine does not grow particularly well in very moist conditions such as marshes and swamps. Fresh leaves of Gnetum africanum and the very similar Gnetum buchholzianum Engl.


Leaves are shredded before consumption or prior to drying. All plant pages have their own unique code. Gnetum africanum is traditionally a wild vine and is considered to be a wild vegetable.

Overexploitation is partly caused by unsustainable forest clearing practices throughout regions in Africa.

Ectomycorrhizae assist the gnwtum in absorption of nutrients; the most common species reported is Scleroderma sinnamarense. Gnetum africanum Gnetum africanumfrom the coastal rainforest of Cameroon. It is usually found with other climbers on middle- and under-storey trees, frequently forming thickets. However, since Gnetum africanum grows via rhizomes it is not labour-intensive, therefore allowing farmers to focus physical capital elsewhere.

This vine will grow in all seasons and typically spreads along forest floors. Extant gymnosperms are monophyletic and Gnetales’ closest relatives are conifers. Avricanum are shredded into thin strips and are often eaten as part of a mixture in, for example, a groundnut-based stew. Field planting, preferably next to a young tree or shrub, takes place at the beginning of the rainy season[ ].

The leaves can be eaten raw or cooked. The leaves may further be used as a gnetuk for nauseasore throats, or as a dressing for warts. Moreover, male vines of Gnetum africanum are less appreciated because of their smaller, thinner and paler leaves, and because of their less vigorous growth.

Parkinson, Yuchang Cheng, Thomas M.

Gnetum africanum

In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. To soften this rather tough vegetable, people often mix it with waterleaf Talinum triangulare Jacq. Retrieved from ” https: The narrowly oval leaves are papery-like and in groups of three and the branches are thickened at the nodes. Gnetum africanum is an evergreen Climber growing to 12 m 39ft by 0.


Nursery beds under shade and made of well-decomposed sawdust or fine river sand can be used for propagation[ ]. Thrives in a wide range of habitats, including farm fallows or abandoned farmland, secondary forests, and closed forest[ ]. Diversity found between accessions is considerable, offering scope for improvement of both quality and productivity.

QR Code What’s this? They look much like dicotyledonous flowering plants having opposite leaves with a net venation and cherry-like seedsalthough in fact they are gymnosperms. For a list of references used on this page please go here A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. The seeds are eaten in Cameroon and DR Congo. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies.

The current method of harvesting, especially for export trade, is to pull the stems or branches from trees. Sustainable cultivation practices, such as harvesting the leaves regularly rather than uprooting the whole vine, allows for a more viable supplementary income throughout the year. Gnetum africanum is a good source of protein and is strong in essential and non-essential amino acids.

Higher up, side shoots are formed with fully-developed leaves[ ]. The plant tolerates a range of habitats and environmental conditions[ ].

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