“In One Two Three Infinity, as in his other books, George Gamow succeeds where others fail because of his remarkable ability to combine technical accuracy . One of the world’s foremost nuclear physicists (celebrated for his theory of radioactive decay, among other accomplishments), George Gamow possessed th . INFINITY Facts and Speculations of Science George Gamow Illustrated by the . Giant and supergiant stars. White dwarf stars.
|Published (Last):||4 November 2008|
|PDF File Size:||5.4 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||10.9 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
If we had books like this for textbooks, every young student would dream of becoming a scientist.
For example, he starts asking “How to count infinities? One victim of overwhelming numbers was King Shirham of India, who, according to an old legend, wanted to reward his grand vizier Sissa Ben Dahir for inventing and presenting to him the game of chess. In fact it was found that the variety of all possible curves, including those of most unusual shapes, has a larger membership than the collection of all geo- metrical points, and thus has to be described by the third number of the infinite sequence.
Thus, if we are yeorge to identify time with space in the Pytha- gorean formula we must do it in some unconventional way that would preserve some of their natural differences. It is highbrow entertainment at its best, a teasing challenge to all who aspire to think about the universe.
One Two Three Infinity – Wikipedia
The paper as it comes from a roll would automatically be pressed to the cylinder after each move. Among the topics scrutinized with the author’s celebrated good humor and pedagogical prowess are the macrocosm and the microcosm, theory of numbers, relativity of space georhe time, entropy, genes, atomic structure, nuclear fission, and the origin of the solar system.
Since, however, the needs of ancient accounting did not exceed the numbers of a few thousands, the symbols for higher decimal units were nonexistent, and an ancient Roman, no matter how well gamos in arithmetic, would have been extremely incinity if he had been asked to write “one million.
The only velocity known in physics to possess the desired degree of generality is the velocity of light spreading through The World of Four Dimensions 75 empty space. How do they compare? Some chapters of the book are simple enough to be understood by a child, whereas others require some concentration infinify study to be completely understood. Expanding Horizons xi. But I will try to show that of the numbers named by me some exceed not only the number of grains of sand which would make a mass equal in size to the Earth filled up in the way described, but even equal to a mass ga,ow size of the Universe.
For that purpose, it served ggeorge well, although I intend to read My World Line sometime here and ifinity that to do better The surface of the ball marked I’ will be glued up to the surfaces I from which georgs was originally unglued, and the cut surfaces II and IP will close on each other. Thus we find that on a twisted surface a right-hand object can be turned into a left-hand one, and vice versa, by merely carrying it around the nifinity. And on a topic that I do understand basic probability he gets at least one thing badly wrong.
As a result we get yeorge doughnut, nice and smooth. I want to express my thanks to numerous artists and illustrators whose work, topologically transformed see Section II, Ch. The donkey can eat the grapes all right but can walk only to the right and has to back in order to move to the left. What is the difference between these two kinds of objects? But that is just your impression, and in order to get the exact answer you must use the above rule for comparing Big Numbers 17 two infinities.
Unusual Properties of Space 43 Being three-dimensional creatures we find it much easier to comprehend the geometrical properties of lines and surfaces, on which we can look “from the outside,” than similar properties of three-dimensional space, of which we are ourselves a part.
And he doesn’t shy away from hardcore mathematics, if needed. But inflnity we go on to these exciting problems, we have to learn a little more about other properties of space. Infinity with setting the trajectory of his professional life. It belongs in the library of anyone curious about the wonders of the scientific universe.
Get ready to have some fun because the whole thing is palatable to any curious person.
One Two Three . . . Infinity: Facts and Speculations of Science
A mind-expanding volume for the imfinity and the science-minded. Spiral Nebula in Infinitty Major b. In discussing relativity theory, George Gamow uses some limericks: An entertaining read, written at a very accessible level and before it was decided that math had to be banished from pop sci books.
Let us see if we can find the treasure for him, even though it is too late to do him any good. In the table on this page you will find in the fourth column the natural logarithms of N. Measuring angles formed by beam of light. Is 1 hr longer than 1 ft or is it shorter?
If you still do not believe that it is absolutely unnecessary to know the position of the gallows in order to find the treasure, mark on a sheet of paper the positions of two trees, and try to carry out the instructions given in the message on the parchment by assuming several different positions for the gallows.
In order to apply the Pythagorean theorem, we infiinty, of course, first express in infinlty units, such as feet, all distances involved. This is evidently the most reasonable, and as a matter of fact the only possible, rule that one can use to compare infinite quan- tities, but we must be prepared for some surprises when we actually begin to apply it. It will broaden the knowledge of each and give the imagination wide play.
One, Two, Three…Infinity: Facts and Speculations of Science
What is the relation between these three numbers, if any? First of all, it is quite clear that if instead of the sphere we had taken a flattened spheroid like a pumpkin, or an elongated body like a cucumber, the number of points, lines, and regions would have been exactly the same on a perfect sphere. The periodic table of elements.
Four possible combinations in tossing two coins. A straight projection of a four- dimensional supercube. Yes, there are bits that are very inaccurate because of it, but it reminds you that scientific theories are born and they die, some sooner than others. Too often, the presentation of real science turns into an imagination’s death march into a bleak world of facts and foreign vocabulary.
Brimming with infimity anecdotes and provocative problems, One Two Three. We can try to answer this question empirically by counting the number of primes as given in the tables. Now look at Figure 26, and you will find yourself exactly in the same situation as the poor two-dimen- sional shadow creatures inspecting the projection of an ordinary cube on their surface. Galileo measures velocity of light.
Feorge order to get another headache the reader may get an inflated tire tube and a set of seven different paints, and try to paint the surface of the tube in such a way that each region of a given color touches six other regions of different colors. The milestones of cosmic exploration. From X-rays to Quarks: However, with a little practice, and an understanding of what the word “curvature” really means, you will find the notion of a curved three-dimensional space very simple indeed, and toward the incinity of the next chapter, will we hope!
After doing it, he will be able to say that “he really knows his way around the doughnut.