1. The Marxism of Rosa Luxemburg. Class Consciousness. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat. I The Phenomenon of Reification. Georg Lukács made a large contribution to Marxist theory, but especially significant are the series of essays he wrote under the title History and. Reification and the Consciousness of the Proletariat () Proletariat · I. The Phenomenon of Reification › Tags. Georg Lukacs · Marxism.

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However, if that class then begins to experience these very same valuations as problematic or sterile, this signifies the beginning of its downfall GW His fate is typical of society as a whole in that this self-objectification, this transformation of a human function into a commodity reveals in all its starkness the dehumanised and dehumanising function of the commodity relation.

Georg [György] Lukács

That is where barter begins, and from here it strikes back into the interior of the community, decomposing it. Commodity exchange an the corresponding subjective and objective commodity relations existed, as we know, when society was still very primitive.

IT is no accident that Marx should have begun coonsciousness an analysis of commodities when, in the two great works of his mature period, he set out to portray capitalist society in its totality and to lay bare its fundamental nature. The cycle of the capital-value he is identified with is not interrupted.

This reaction is not only one of passive acknowledgment; it also actively transforms the subject by facilitating a consciousness of that very universal nature. However, if this atomisation is only an illusion it is a necessary one. They overlook the fact that there are qualitative conditions attached to these quantitative relations, that it is not merely a question of units of value which can easily be compared with each other but also use-values of a definite kind which must fulfil a definite function in production and consumption.

Such a synthesis would only be possible if philosophy were able to change its approach radically and concentrate on the concrete material totality of what can and should be known.

Competition between the different owners of commodities would not be feasible if there were an exact, rational, systematic mode of functioning for the whole of society to correspond lu,acs the rationality of isolated phenomena. Ideology and consciousness in capitalist society The commodity form exerts its influence more broadly.


On this point see Section Ill. As far as class is concerned we would point out lukcs this subjugation is the product of a lengthy struggle which enters upon a new stage with the organisation of the proletariat into a class.

Of course, this produces an uninterrupted series of conflicts between the unceasingly revolutionary forces of the capitalist economy and the rigid legal system.

IP 54 – The Value Form, Reification, and the Consciousness of the Collective Worker

It is obviously not possible here to give an analysis of the whole economic structure of capitalism. One example must suffice here:. As the division of labour becomes more pronounced and more rational, this tendency naturally increases in proportion. This is manifested in two ways. However, even when commodities have this impact on the internal structure of a society, this does not suffice to make them constitutive of that society.

The OntologyE. Inhe also traveled to Paris to engage in a debate about existentialism and Marxism with Sartre. The formal standardisation of justice, the state, the civil service, etc.

It is through his own movements that he establishes equivalence. This yhe of institutions entails that politics, as a form of action directed towards the social totality as a whole, must treat this totality, on the one hand, as being dependent on natural and biological facts that limit its potential transformations and, on the other hand, as increasingly being determined by laws of its own GW Rather, the existing ways in which life could give itself a form have become problematic and are experienced as abstractions.

For that very reason the reified mind has come to regard them as the true representatives of his societal existence. By many of those who were looking for a sophisticated Marxist philosophy, History and Class Consciousness was judged to be a supremely important book as for example by Karl Korsch and Ernst Bloch, see Bloch Thus, the contrast between everyday life and art is not one between experience and validity but between the heterogeneity of everyday life and the homogeneous form appropriate to the autonomy of experience GW While on all three levels, entities appear as fixed objects, their real essence is always that of interrelated, irreversible processes GW But in addition is the determining form of his existence as subject, as human being.


Reificatlon proletarian situation does not necessarily entail an immediate consciousness of the totality.

Home About My Work. Even though these activities are not constitutive for the value of works of art, they can still serve as a basis for reconstructing the independent normative status of the aesthetics. This neglect of the personification of things hampers an explanation for the constitution of reification.

It is no longer a thing proleariat be explained by the intervention of transcendental powers or made meaningful by reference to transcendental values.

But neither condition can be fulfilled. It would be a fascinating task lukaccs work out the links between this process and the development of the great rationalist systems. Science is thereby debarred from comprehending the development and the demise, the social character of its own material base, no less than the range of possible attitudes towards it and the nature of its own formal system.

The dispute over the reality or non-reality of thinking that is isolated from practice is a purely scholastic question.

While ajd these other spheres of validity, objective norms and subjective attitudes are fully separable, the autonomy of experience legislates a normative standard that involves a specific relationship between subjective experience and objective norm.

Only by understanding this can we obtain a clear insight into the ideological problems of capitalism and its downfall. In a modern state, law must not only correspond to the general economic condition and be its expression, but must also be an internally coherent expression which does not, owing to inner contradictions, reduce itself to nought.