Summer-annual grasses provide excellent forage during the summer. Small grains can be mechanically harvested as silage or hay and can ease fall or spring. pastures during drought can further weaken plants. Grazing during times of low moisture, the effects of drought will Lack of adequate forage during drought. Semi-dormant alfalfa varieties have been heavily promoted and widely adopted, as part of an effort to maximize forage production during the upper Midwest’s.

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Crop residues are a very economical source of feed to supplement pastures. Examine your herd records to determine which animals would be most likely to yield a long-term return on the money invested in hay and supplement.

Forage Use and Grazing Herd Management during a Drought

It is not commonly harvested for grain as no cash markets currently exist. Home Forages Forage Species Tennessee Forage Guide In order to make this decision, it ddirig essential to know the ways that forages are classified. Slow growth and poor regrowth has caused the limited use of this grass in Indiana.

Remove livestock from small-grain pastures to be harvested for grain when “jointing” of the crop is first observed. As a result, plant growth slows.

Even if a drought-ending rain is in the forecast, make sure that dirrig account for pasture recovery time. These grasses tend to be more drought tolerant plants, that produce forage between April and October. Just as with warm-season annual grasses, these grasses tend to be expensive, so their use should be limited.


Producers should invest only in animals that are likely to generate a return and should focus on those animals that will provide the highest returns.

Table 4 gives more information on harvesting summer-annual grasses. With proper management, salt, mineral, and vitamin A are the only supplemental feed required for mature beef-cows grazing corn residue during the first third of gestation.

Recent Purdue research data indicates dry matter yields increased from 2.

Using Sweet Bran instead of forage during grain adaptation in finishing feedlot cattle.

These are cool-season perennial grasses, meaning that they grow during the spring and fall, but are somewhat less productive or dormant during the summer.

Crude protein content declined from 9. Several different wild sorghums exist in this area of the U. Grasses in this category tend to predominate forage programs in Tennessee. The nitrate in plants harvested for hay does not dissipate as it cures, so problems can occur when the hay is fed.

Performance of livestock fed summer-annual grasses should be similar to those fed low-endophyte tall fescue or orchardgrass. Quick growth in both fall and spring make it the most productive of the small grains for pasture. The availability of machinery and forage handling equipment will also play an important role in determining the economics of producing emergency and supplemental diirg.

Shortages of forage most often occur during the summer. Extension Changes Georgia University of Georgia Cooperative Extension programming improves people’s digig and gets results. Associated with the increased yield was reduced forage quality. Classes, Workshops, and Club Meetings UGA Extension offers a wealth of personalized services like workshops, classes, consultation, certifications, camps, and educator resources.


They are more likely to contain toxic levels of prussic acid than are other summer-annual grasses.

Purdue Forage Information

Department of Agriculture cooperating: Forage and Field Crop Seeding Guide for Tennessee This guide includes recommended species, seeding rates, planting dates, planting methods, and other important facts on the forage. Please foragr our Tennessee Forage Guide to locate specific species information that you may need. Soybeans will require more curing time than other hays. Cool-Season Perennial Grasses Grasses in this category tend to predominate forage programs in Tennessee.

Using Sweet Bran instead of forage during grain adaptation in finishing feedlot cattle.

Toxic levels of prussic acid occur most commonly after a killing frost or drought. Switchgrass, like a number of other native warm-season grasses, can actually produce high-quality forage. You should view forage and supplements as investments, especially during a drought.

During a feed-shortage year, green chopping is an efficient way to stretch feed supply, but it is time consuming and somewhat weather dependent.

Since they are perennial, they come back each year from a crown instead of through seed germination. After proper fall or early-spring grazing, it can be harvested for grain, silage, or hay.

Issued in furtherance of the acts of May 8 and June 30,