Estrilda astrild. Citation. BirdLife International Estrilda astrild. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Identification record: Common Waxbill (Estrilda astrild) is a bird which belongs to the family of Estrildidés and the order of Passeriformes. Common Waxbill · Estrilda astrild · (Linnaeus, ). Order: PASSERIFORMES foreground recordings and background recordings of Estrilda astrild.

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In Spain it has been introduced in the largest cities in the last ten years etsrilda is now quite commonly seen in Madrid, Barcelona and Valencia, as well as along the Spanish-Portuguese border. In their native African landscape they have a minimal impact on the plant species they eat.

Animals with bilateral symmetry have dorsal and ventral sides, as well as anterior and posterior ends.

Allopreening occurs frequently between the mates. During the nest building wstrilda solicitation period, both males and females may participate in stem displays to their mates — a form of display during which a stem is held in the beak. During the evening they form an even larger group for roosting. Endothermy is a synapomorphy of the Mammalia, although it may have arisen in a now extinct synapsid ancestor; the fossil record does not distinguish these possibilities.

There is often a pinkish flush to the underparts and a reddish stripe along the centre of the belly depending on the subspecies.

Common waxbill

To cite this page: Common waxbill is missing in Brazil as introduced specie. Retrieved from ” https: Common waxbill young have an increased risk of predation as a result of their nests being placed so close to the estilda.


Four to seven white eggs are laid. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!

Common Waxbill – Estrilda astrild

Pin-tailed whydah chicks have evolved gape patterns that exactly match the gape patterns of common waxbill young, so that they are more likely to be accepted by waxbill parents.

They are often found near water in marshes and among reeds.

Average eggs per season 4 to 6 Average time to hatching 11 to 12 days Average fledging age 17 to 21 days Range age at sexual or reproductive maturity male 6 to 12 months Common waxbills build spherical nests out of dry grasses and keep them hidden in reeds close to the ground. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. The song of Estrilda astrild is a soft, simple call with notes varying only slightly in pitch and length from the contact etsrilda.

The common waxbill has a variety of twittering and atrild calls and a distinctive high-pitched flight-call. Common waxbills inhabit open country esgrilda long grass and rank vegetation. Behavioral EcologyVol 16 no 1: Common waxbills live an average of 4 years in the wild.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Estrilda astrild is a small grey-brown astild finch, distinguished by its red conical bill and face patch. A grassland with scattered trees or scattered clumps of trees, a type of community intermediate between grassland and forest. Mates will perform mutual preening to establish or strengthen their pair-bond. The plumage of juveniles is duller than the adults, having little red on the underbelly, and no red estfilda the bill. Males will attempt to mate with females which do not flee from his advances.


The timing of the breeding season varies in different parts of the world. Common waxbill juveniles reach reproductive maturity between 6 months and 1 year of age.

See also Tropical savanna and grassland biome. The nest is a large ball of criss-crossed grass stems with a long downward-pointing entrance tube on one side. A model for range expansion of an introduced species: Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. The nest is a weaved, spherical mass of grasses with a narrow entrance.

The simple song is harsh and nasal and descends on the last note. Estrila granivores, common waxbills likely play a significant role in seed dispersal for plants they consume. They can be tame and will enter gardens, parks and farmland.

Variation partitioning for range expansion of an wstrilda species: They are incubated for 11 to 13 days and the young birds fledge 17 to 21 days after hatching. Referring to something living or located adjacent to a waterbody usually, but not always, a river or stream.