Mater et Magistra has 10 ratings and 3 reviews. Marie said: Do you want a short summary of Catholic Social Teaching? Yes? Then this encyclical is very mu. La remuneración del trabajo no es algo que pueda dejarse a las leyes del mercado, ni debe ser una decisión que se deja a la voluntad de los. Encíclica Mater et magistra por JUAN XXIII La iglesia como madre y maestra. Sobre el desarrollo de la cuestión social. Calidad de vida.

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In performing this task, which is a noble one, they must not only be well qualified in their trade or profession and practice it in accordance with its own proper laws, they must also bring their professional activity into conformity with the Church’s social teaching.

The reason is that Socialism is founded on a doctrine of human society which is bounded by time and takes no account of any objective other than that of material well-being. It is required by “justice and humanity” to share surplus food and other goods with other nations in need. Such services as these are necessary nowadays if a becoming standard of living is to be maintained. In recent times, this tendency has given rise to the formation everywhere of both national and international movements, associations and institutions with economic, cultural, social, sporting, recreational, professional and political ends.

Mater et Magistra: Christianity and Social Progress

And thus he affirms and develops that side of his nature which is noblest and best. In recent years the State and other agencies of public law have extended, and are continuing to extend, the sphere of their activity and initiative.

Thanks for telling us about the problem. The Church aims rather at securing that the institution of private property be such as it should be according to the plan of the divine Wisdom and the dispositions of Nature.

Then this encyclical for you. Louise added it Feb 14, An outstanding instance of this social teaching and action carried on by the Church throughout the ages is undoubtedly that magnificent encyclical on the christianizing of the conditions of the working classes, Rerum Novarumpublished seventy years ago by Our Predecessor, Leo XlIl.

And yet this very need for religion reveals a man for what he is: He also mentioned a radio address given by Pope Pius XII on 1 Junein which he had commemorated the 50th anniversary of Rerum Novarum and reiterated its message on subjects of the right use of material goods, work, and family.

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Mater et magistra – Wikipedia

As for the wage system, while rejecting the view that it is unjust of its very nature, he condemned the inhuman and unjust way in which is it so often implemented, and specified the terms and conditions to be observed if justice and equity are not to be violated. It is important eet to bear in mind that in agriculture, as in other sectors of production, association is a vital need today—especially in the encicliica of family farms.

It also suggests new and vital criteria by which men can judge the magnitude of the social question as it presents itself today, and decide on the course of action they must take.

It taught that the state must sometimes intervene in matters of health care, education, and housing. First, amgistra regard to agriculture, it would not appear that the rural population as a whole is decreasing, but it is an undeniable fact that many people are moving away from their farms into more thickly populated areas as well as into the cities themselves.

The most perniciously typical aspect of the modern era consists in the absurd attempt to reconstruct a solid and fruitful temporal order divorced from God, who is, in fact, the only foundation on which it can endure. But here for mter first time was a complete synthesis of social principles, formulated with such historical insight as to be of permanent value to Christendom.

On this subject it must not be forgotten that the price of agricultural produce represents, for the most part, the reward of the farmer’s labor rather than a return on invested capital. So long as social relationships do in fact adhere to these principles within the framework of the moral order, their extension magisra not necessarily mean that individual citizens will be gravely discriminated against or excessively burdened.

Jane Jumaquio marked it as to-read Mwter 18, He was the first pope to take the pontifical name of “John” upon election in more than years, and his choice settled the complicated question of official numbering attached to this papal name due to the antipope of this name. A provident God grants sufficient matistra to the human race to find a dignified solution to the problems attendant upon the transmission of human life.

Mater et Magistra (May 15, ) | John XXIII

In modern times we have seen an extensive increase in the number of workers’ associations, and their general recognition in the juridical codes of single States and on the international level. Moreover, We consider it altogether vital that the numerous intermediary bodies and corporate enterprises—which are, so to say, the main vehicle of this social growth—be really autonomous, and loyally collaborate in pursuit of their own specific interests and those of the common good.

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To the attainment of this end nothing can be more effective than those principles and that supernatural aid which the Church supplies.

It is a magnificent work that they are doing, and We are most happy to take this occasion of giving it the praise that it deserves. They produce food for the support of human life, and the raw materials of industry in ever richer supply. Furthermore, the progressive perfection of modern methods of thought-diffusion—the press, cinema, radio, television—makes it possible for everyone to participate in human events the world over. Great is their dignity, a dignity which she has always guarded most zealously and held in the highest esteem.

There is a progressive improvement in basic education, a wider distribution of essential commodities, greater opportunities for advancement in industry and the consequent breaking down of class barriers, and a keener interest in world affairs shown by people of average education.

It must be translated into reality. They are living in close harmony with Nature—the majestic temple of Creation.

As a magiistra no single commonwealth has sufficient resources at its command to solve the more important scientific, technical, economic, social, political and cultural problems which confront it at the present time.

Ef enterprise too must contribute to an economic and social balance in the different areas of the same political community. There are vast hidden depths still to be explored and adequately explained. There was also the constant spectre of unemployment and the progressive disruption of family life. It must be respected and as far as possible clarified and developed, so that it may remain what it is: The above principles are valid always and everywhere.