La clave jeroglífica aplicada a la conquista de México. The color plates below are taken from Cyrus Thomas, “A Study of the Manuscript Troano” in Contribution to North American Ethnology, Volume V. In the late 19th. A Study of the Manuscript Troano – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Alonso Ponce. in the Coleocion de Documentos para la Historia de Eapana.

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Madrid Codex (Maya)

If I am correct in this supposition, it not only agrees with the method of using the numerals above suggested, but it will also determine the years that form the diflferent Ahaues.

These are also marked on the annexed table with a star, but the group is surrounded by a dotted line. Their language was pure Maya, and they had brought with them in their migration, as trozno of their greatest treasures, the sacred books which contained their ancient history, their calendar and ritual, and the prophecies of their future fate.

The second, at the west, is called Hiix; the third, at the south, is named CaiuiCy and the fourth, MuluCj at the north.

XXVII was afterwards inclosed between two boards which they decorated hand- somely. Years — 5 Moluc. What is this intended to signify? The severest criticism which Landa’s figures have met has been from documentto pen of the able antiquary. First we have at the left four columns, each containing the names of the twenty days of wl month.

It is scarcely possible these could have been obtained except by a table similar to those I have given. That such tables were used by them is rendered probable by the following quotation which Perez makes from an ancient manuscript in his possession: These two plates, which are evidently parts of one picture, 76 being the upper and 75 the lower part, are symbolic representations of periods of time.

Years — 8 Oauac. Therefore 8 Ahau of the year 11 Kan is the 17th day of the documenfo and also of fifteenth month. It also leads him into the absurdity of placing doxumento first arrival of the Spaniards on the coast of Yucatan — which occurred in the 2d Ahau — between the yeai-s and Taking all these facts into consideration, it appears that the calendar system followed by the author of the Troano Manuscript commenced the cycles and the Ahaues with a Cauac traono.

I append, in a note, a list of his essays on this subject, with their dates, so far as I know them. According to the arrangement of the numbers in the second divis- ion, those in this division would be 8, 6, 4, 2, 13, reading from left to right.

Cimi Manik Lamat Muluc Cimi twelve days, and from Cimi to Ezanab twelve days. The conclusion which M. The year 4 Kan commences with the column of our table which has 4 for the top figure.


The eighteen months were named and numbered as follows: The Dresden Codex, which is evidently similar in character to the Manuscript Troano, presents, if possi- ble, still greater difficulties to the settlement of this ques- tion, as here we find the black numeral for 19 fi’equently connected directly with the red ones.

Aubin, and, of late, by the studies of Senor Orozco y Berra. XImarking in italics the 4 Kan.

If we turn to Table V, containing the list of days, and count on either of the four columns of names, from one of these names to the next, we shall find in each case an interval of just six days: If the true method were as given in the right-hand table No. This gives us the following years: That the work appertained to and was prepared for a people liv- ing in the interior of the country, away from the sea-shore. As an examination of the Manuscript soon satisfied me that it was, to a great extent, a kind of religious calendar, I found it necessary first to dis- cuss the Maya chronological system in order to make use of the numerous dates found in the work — a fact that will explain why so many pages of the first part of the paper are devoted to this subject.

This will be seen by making a list of the years in regular succession, so that 4 Kan shall be the 18th.

Madrid Codex (Maya) – Wikipedia

Referring to our table we will first take the Ahau of the Cauac column, which is in the second transverse line; the 13 in 1 The reader can readily see from the table why any troqno found in the first, second, third ffoitrth, or fifth month will be fonnd twice in the year.

Public domain books belong to the public and we are merely their custodians. I was convinced that if I could form a correct idea of the general design of the work it would aid greatly in deciphering its characters.

My chief object, therefore, so far as the calendar is concerned, will be to settle if possible these disputed points; but will defer the discussion of these questions to a subsequent part of this paper, remarking only for the present that, accord- ing to all authorities, these Katunes were numbered as documenro, and in the order here given: Pertinent copies and facsimiles include:.

Having thus determined the name and number of the year, and remembering the series as given in the quotation, it was an easy yiatter to count back to any desired year. Before closing troaon discussion in reference to the dominical day of the first year of the Ahau, it is proper to call attention documentp what Cogulludo says on this point. Digitized by Google Table X.


I have therefore proceeded upon the assumption that they are added as uncounted days, and hence interfere in no way with the regular order. XXI not only learned to read these characters, but employed them to instruct the Indians, has been authenticated by a recent discovery of a devotional work written in this way.

Manuscript Troano

All agree, however, that the highest evolution took place among the Nahuatl-speaking tribes of Mexico and the Maya race of Yucatan. As these groups all fit into the Ahaues as I have divided them oflf, we have in this fact a documenot presumption that our division is correct; still, it is proper to state here, as will be shown here- after, that all these periods will also fit into the Ahaues if the grand cycle is divided according to the theory advanced trowno Selior Perez.

Take, for instance, Ezanab in this case, which does fall on the tdoano 5th day of the month in the years commenc- ing with Kan; the figure 9 in the fifteenth transverse line is found in the second column. The Graz and the Chiapas versions are among the most used renditions of the Madrid today.

Although Landa, when speaking of the facility with which they counted back the years, evidently alludes to the Ahaues, yet it is quite probable the old Indian who traced back their history for three hundred years did so by the use of this key, unless he was a priest.

Docjmento is inferred from the fact that nothing is found in it relating to fishermen, or their vessels.

But as Selior Perez, who is our trkano authority for what pertains to the Maya calendar, has advanced a different opinion, and as his suggestion affords a means of escape from a toano serious difficulty, I will call attention to it before deciding as to which I believe to be the true method of locating these periods. He came from the north, from the west. The Maya year contained days and consisted of two unequal parts, as follows: We know that tables of days of this form are to be found in some two or three of the Mexican Codices; something similar is also to be found in the Dresden Codex, and by placing the columns of these four plates of the Manuscript side by side we will have just such a table.

In order to make this as plain as possible I will give here a table of years for one cycle of 52 ell.