Ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia- clefting syndrome (also k/a. split hand- split foot malformation /split hand-split foot ectodermal. Ectrodactyly–ectodermal dysplasia–cleft syndrome, or EEC, and also referred to as EEC syndrome is a rare form of ectodermal dysplasia, an autosomal. Disease definition. EEC syndrome is a genetic developmental disorder characterized by ectrodactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and orofacial clefts (cleft lip/ palate).

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This model further identified PRIMA-1MET, a small compound that was identified as a compound targeting and reactivating p53 mutants based on a cell-based screening for rescuing the apoptotic activity of p53, as efficient to rescue RW dysplasia-cleftint defect. Expert curators review the literature and organize it to facilitate your work.

Mesodermal cells generate blood vessels, muscle and boneand endodermal cells generate the lungsthe digestive system and the urinary system. Because the gene is dominant, only one parent must contribute the abnormal gene for the child to inherit the disease and the contributing parent will usually have the disease, due to the expression of the dominant gene in the parent.

TP63 mutation and clefting modifier genes in an EEC syndrome family. Upper extremities showing ectrodactyly. However, she did not have skin or hair abnormalities, oral clefting, or lacrimal difficulties. EEC syndrome without ectrodactyly: Normal immunological status in four patients with ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting syndrome EEC-syndrome. Choanal atresia as a feature of ectrodactyly-ectodermal dysplasia-clefting EEC syndrome.

Ectrodactyly—ectodermal dysplasia—cleft syndromeor EECand also referred to as EEC syndrome [1] also known as “Split hand—split foot—ectodermal dysplasia—cleft syndrome” [2]: Despite the overlap, the TP63 -associated syndromes have their own characteristic physical findings related, in part, to the specific mutation of the TP63 gene present.

A diagnosis of EEC syndrome is based upon identification of characteristic symptoms, a detailed patient synsrome, a thorough clinical evaluation and a variety of specialized tests.


Treatment may require the coordinated efforts of a team of specialists. Some individuals with isolated nonsyndrommic cleft lip also have mutations of the TP63 gene.

Karnell; Betty Jane McWilliams EEC syndrome, argto-gln TP63 mutation and micturition difficulties: Financial support and sponsorship Nil. Some ectrodactyly-ectodremal with EEC syndrome have developed hearing loss. There is much debate in current literature regarding clinical markers for syndromic diagnoses.

Ectrodactyly – ectodermal dysplasia – cleft lip/palate syndrome: a rare entity

Another form of the disorder, designated EEC3is caused by mutation in the TP63 gene Marwaha Mohit, Nanda Kanwar Singh. Summary and related texts.

J Med Genet ; Other associated clinical features include abnormalities of the genitourinary system i.

Years Published, The right hand showed clefting between the second and fourth digits with the absence of the third digit. Without normal sweat production the body cannot regulate temperature properly leading to overheating and hyperthermia which could result in permanent brain damage or even death. Syndromes with dysmelia Genodermatoses Syndromes affecting hearing Syndromes affecting teeth Syndromes affecting the skin Rare syndromes.

His father, who was found to be somatic mosaic for the mutation, had split hand-foot malformation, no cleft lip or palate, and whorl-like streaky pigmentary patterns of the skin following Blaschko lines. For more information on these disorders, choose the dysplasia-cldfting disorder name as your search term in the Rare Disease Database. The diagnosis is based on clinical examination, X-rays of the limbs and jaw, and, according to the associated features, kidney ultrasound, ophthalmologic examinations, and skin biopsy.

There was no family history of any such deformity. Association of syndactyly, ectodermal dysplasia, and cleft lip and palate: Tooth decay dental caries is common and often dysplasia-cleting.

EEC syndrome type 3 with a heterozygous germline mutation in the P63 gene and B cell lymphoma.

Ectrodactyly – ectodermal dysplasia – cleft lip/palate syndrome: a rare entity

Standard Therapies Treatment The treatment of Ectrodacttyly-ectodermal syndrome is directed toward the specific symptoms that are apparent in each individual. The content of the website and databases of the National Organization for Rare Disorders NORD is copyrighted and may not be reproduced, copied, downloaded ectrodactyly-ectosermal disseminated, in any way, for any commercial or public purpose, without prior written authorization and approval from NORD.


CC HPO: More recently, the p63 gene has been targeted in numerous studies. Genetics, Syndromes, and Communication Disorders.

Conclusion Early diagnosis would help parents to get accurate counseling. The fetus was aborted and the diagnosis was confirmed. Genetic analysis identified a heterozygous mutation in the p63 gene RW; The Grade II ectrodactyly of his feet did not affect his gait or the fit of his shoes, but gait problems are seen in grades III or greater. Open in a separate window. The mother had typical split foot deformity of both feet and severe malformations of the upper limbs with 2 ulnar digits on each hand.

He had gray hair on the right half of his scalp and brown thin hair on the left side.

Barakat syndrome Tricho—rhino—phalangeal syndrome. According to Blauth and Borisch[ 15 ] six level radiographic classification of cleft feet, the right foot is Grade II, as there are five metatarsals, which are partially hypoplastic or synostotic with other metatarsals or phalanges. Intraorally there were multiple grossly decayed ectrodactyly-ectkdermal hypoplastic teeth, pointed crowns of canines, absence of maxillary primary lateral incisors and a repaired cleft palate.

Rare Disease Database

They suggested that the Rapp-Hodgkin type of ectodermal dysplasia with clefting may be fundamentally the same condition as EEC.

Check this box if you wish to receive a copy of your message. About News Events Contact. Genetic counseling may benefit the affected individuals and their families.