From the Publisher In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application. ECLIPSE OF REASON. By MAX HORKHEIMER. New York, Ox- ford University Press, PP. I This book is a remarkably penetrating study of the status. In this book, Horkheimer surveys and demonstrates the gradual ascendancy of Reason in Western philosophy, its eventual total application to all spheres of life, .
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It also treats the concept of reason within the history of western philosophy. Pragmatism and positivism are representatives of instrumental reason, wanting to emulate the sciences in the experimental method pragmatismlogical rigor positivism and in eliminating metaphysics. There is no real systematic unity to these writings Habermasp. The very beginning of the text, which discusses traditional theory, shows a subtle shift from the earlier work. Prior to any critique of metaphysics, materialism rests on the basic recognition of suffering and the desire for happiness.
Helpful for understanding some of the thinking of the Frankfurt School. A Farewell to Truth. It is clearly the case, however, that there were many difficulties in carrying out the empirical research that was used in those studies see the historical discussion of this period in Wiggerschaus— Amazon Giveaway allows you to run promotional giveaways in order to create buzz, reward your audience, and attract new followers and customers.
Horkheimer argues that this kind of rationality has pervaded western thinking, as not only a German or class phenomenon. Edward Grant – – Cambridge University Press. Views Read Edit View history. Truth can only be discovered through dynamic thought: But this does not mean eschewing reason, if there can be a kind of knowing that uses rational concepts while at the same time moving beyond the static form of concepts associated with scientific thinking.
Fascism is rational in the instrumental sense.
Adorno and Horkheimef were working hard to make sense of a world where much had gone very wrong. But he is not unreservedly critical of metaphysics.
Dialectic of Enlightenment This individual desire for happiness can further manifest itself as the moral sentiment of compassion, wherein we desire the happiness of others Horkheimer b, pp. Science has a responsibility to society that can only be filled if its various research efforts are knit together within a more comprehensive framework that takes society and its improvement as its object.
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Horkheimer’s treatise on the instrumentalization, the formalization, of reason is as prescient and disturbing a piece of critical theory as I think one is Whether this situation is a necessary phase in the general ascent of society as a whole, or whether it will lead to a victorious re-emergence of the neo-barbarism recently defeated on the battlefields, depends at least in part on our reaeon to interpret accurately the profound changes now taking place in the public mind and in human nature.
In The Enlightenment it positioned itself — though not initially explicitly — as a challenger to the crown of religion as the leading source of cultural meaning-making. As Zizek says, today it is easier for us to imagine the end of global human society than it is to imagine a significant shift away from the global neoliberal capitalist order – the perfect example of how denuded and debilitated our reason has become under the onslaught of the insidious ideologies or rational production and reawon.
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Eclipse of Reason (Horkheimer) – Wikipedia
In particular, Horkheimer wrote this book to address the actions of Third Reich Germany and how Nazism was able to make its genoc How do you rate a theoretical work? And if the foundations of objective reason erode? The task of education, and the task of the critical theorist, is to rewson such compassionate sensitivity to injustice.
Democracy and Its Others. To a large extent, this problem of irrationality is described as a social coordination problem.
Learn more about Amazon Giveaway. In religious beliefs, if not in organized religion, Horkheimer would find a desire for a better world that never forgets the suffering of this world see, for instance, Horkheimer Finally, Horkheimer views this outlook in terms of what it means for the individual. Their whole life is a continuous effort to suppress and abase nature, inwardly or outwardly, and to identify themselves with its more powerful surrogates—the race, fatherland, leader, cliques, and tradition.
Eclipse of Reason
Oct 30, Lina Cherkasova rated it it was amazing. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Seabury Press,pp. Dec 28, Mahmoud Haggui rated it liked it. He details the difference between objectivesubjective and instrumental reason, and states that we have moved from the former through the center and into the latter though horkhekmer and instrumental reason are closely connected.