Doumbek Rhythm Cheat Sheet. Uploaded by Carmine T. Guida. This is a rhythm sheet I used to give out in classes. Please feel free to share this as much as you. Dumbek rhythms are a collection of rhythms that are usually played with hand drums such as the dumbek. These rhythms are various combinations of these. Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Music Rhythms: Diagrams and Performance Aids .. and rolls. Darbuka Belly doumbek solo with a frame drum back up.

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This notation is used in the tables below. Examine the second variation below which a Greek correspondent tells me is typical of the modern formnotice that it is similar to 2 repeats of a maqsum rhythm plus 1 extra beat.

Salah Said does a short clear version. I say theoretically because the ‘Ka’, as many people mistakenly call it including me, see ‘The Tek vs the Ka’ belowcan be much more difficult to achieve for the new drummer. Drum Tutorials on You Tube. That is the music is primarily monotonal and of simple rhythm.

The 6 beat rhythm is supposed to represent “heart” and the 12 “lung”. A basic baladi rhythm. Repeating cycles were because of the song, not because there was a particular standard length of measure.

We only know as much as we do about early Greek music because Middle Eastern arabic speaking scholars studied and preserved translated early Greek writings. The Arabian peninsula, or as we know it now, the Persian Gulf. If you start a rhythm, stick with it for at least sixteen measures.

Many Islamic fundamentalists have held that music for pleasure rather than to worship or to declare the glory of Allah is a sinful distraction — however throughout history Islamic rulers and no doubt the general populace tended to rhthms the musical arts.

Rhythm Diagrams and Sound Files Mid-Eastern rhythm is commonly notated in the US in American Creole rhythm notation, a tool developed in the late 20th century that allowed American drummers all over the country to communicate with each other. Notice how you could wrap the rhythm around the measure break and it would have 3 repeating segments followed by a bit of couple of beats “at the end”.

Generally speaking Masmoudi’s sound big kabiir and the maqsums quick and nimble khafiif. I assume you know how to hit the drum — if not I will have a section on that when I get time — I do suggest, however, that if you are interested in playing in the traditional style you find a teacher or a good player and get them to give you a first lesson. Miserlou starts at 2: Reading French may help in studying first sources as Rodolphe von Erlanger translated many parts of historical works in Arabic in his many volumed “La Musique Arabe”.


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One of these days I may figure out a way to teach the rhythms using the appropriate references. Here are some traditional rhythms mizan, iqa, vazn, darb, dawr, adwar that are played as Middle Eastern and Mediterranean dance rhythms or as accompaniment to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean melodies.

Middle Eastern and Mediterranean Music Rhythms: Diagrams and Performance Aids

By knowing the basic rhythms listed below, your dancers will appreciate your drumming more and will, in the end, seek you out to play for them.

Let me point out that it is not the number of rhythms you can play, it’s more about being able to communicate clearly with the vocabulary you have. Mevlana with a couple of guys dancing to it doing Romany stomach throws. Roots of RhythmWeb. What is this “D t k” stuff? Timbre, strength and tone help the rhythm talk to the dancer and the audience. Note that, although the rhythm theoretically has a DUM at the beginning, after the initial cycle of the rhythm that beat it is often alternatively played as a TEK.

The seed from which this has grown was an article which I pulled off of the Internet, specifically from the newsgroup called The Rialto, or in Usenet terminology, rec. They all have quarter tones in their music, tones that come between the half-steps in our western scales A particular, “waaHida sayyAra” is also called “Libi” by Egyptians due to its apparent modern popularity in Libya.

It is similar to baladii, usually played fast, upbeat and powerfully. Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Libya.

Probably Karim Nagi clipstarting with counting and then a bit more complex. Part of this seems to be the habit of not specifically mentioning the length of a note when it is a repeated note of the same tone as the previous. Bibliography Check the bibliography of my notes for a class I taught on documenting rhythmic modes in pre Middle Eastern music.


That does not mean by any measure that the music is simple. It is used in a slow form for a tribal north African Egyptian trance dance known as the Zar the rhythm is sometimes called “Zar” — toward the west Morocco these same sorts of trance dances are generally done to a 6 beat rhythm.

More of the same but in full costume. Most of us don’t use the Saghir or Kabir.

Dumbek rhythms – Wikipedia

The basic maqsuum played half as quickly is known as “maSmuudii”. Recently, during the rise of the oil economies late 20th centurycheap labor brought from Africa has brought a bit of central African polyrhythmic tradition to the Middle East — especially to areas in the Persian Gulf. Has a triplet feel to it: This 9-beat aqsaaq rhythm is so popular it is sometimes simple called “aqsaaq”. Many folks start out learning two sounds: On a drum you don’t have much choice about how long the sustain on your “note” is, but the combinations of rests versus sustained notes may give rhythhms indications about how the rhythm should be ornamented or filled.

Curcuna JOOR-joon-nuh — the Turkish “C” is a sound like an english “j” or “ch” is an Armenian rhythm I’ve also heard it in Afgani tunes — often times nearly straightened to a 6.

Dumbek rhythms

Think of it as two measures of four with an extra beat added and walk to it until comfortable. An Egyptian or Lebanese drummer usually has to approximate the way an Iraqi or Khaliji rhythm is played because the rhythms in southern Iraq and the Arabian Peninsula countries are polyrhythmic: Notation If you read music you may want to check out another version of this page that uses western musical notation.

The “extra beat” can be used by a good dancer to add particularly noticeable accents to a dance arrangement. Then they overlay those rhhythms and a very exciting poly rhythmical texture comes out of that.