Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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It has been used to treat the common coldstomachacheskin conditions and wounds, malariaand toothache. Readable yet also very detailed. Fallen fruit Photograph by: Close-up of flower Photograph by: The fruits take up to a year to mature in most areas, sometimes as long as 18 months.

Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. Specific epithet is in reference to the Guianas where this tree is native.

The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a common pollinator of cultivated trees in Rio de Janeirojust outside the tree’s native range.

Couroupita guianensis

The pollinators must work their way between the two areas of stamens as they cluroupita the pollen. Dried rind of the fruit Photograph by: Knuth Couroupita antillana Miers Couroupita froesii R. Knuth Couroupita guianensis var. Couratari pedicellaris Rizzini Couroupita acreensis R. Culture Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, guiannensis soils in full sun to part shade.

Couroupita guianensisknown by a variety of common names including cannonball tree, [3] is a deciduous tree in the family Lecythidaceae couroupiita, which also includes the Brazil nut Bertholletia excelsa and Paradise nut Lecythis zabucajo. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Couroupita guianensis. Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade.


Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. Publisher Weinheim Year ISBN – Description An excellent and very comprehensive guide but it only gives very short descriptions of the uses without any details of how to utilize the guuianensis. The flowers produce two types of pollen: On windy days, the fruits often bang against each other on the tree creating a sound reportedly resembling a guianendis. Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America.

Each fruit contains seeds which are embedded in an ill-smelling, soft red pulp which turns bluish-green when exposed to air.

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species

Gives descriptions, photos and uses of a very wide range of fruit and other food-producing plants plus ornamentals. The seeds are dispersed by animals that feed on the fruits. Other carpenter bees such as Xylocopa frontalisas well as waspsflower fliesand bumblebeesare also known to visit the flowers. No serious insect or disease problems.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Leaf margins are entire or finely serrate.

Each flower has a 6-lobed calyx and 6 spreading petals which encircle two types of stamens fertile stamens and sterile staminoides which are borne on a cream-colored androphore. Fruits that remain whole may be broken open by animals such as pecarries.

Couroupita guianensis in Flora of Pakistan @

Flowering trunk Photograph by: Knuth Lecythis bracteata Willd. Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to the ground and break open. Berg Couroupita venezuelensis R. Missouri Botanical Garden Shaw Blvd. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment.


Couroupita guianensis Conservation status.

Publisher David Hunt; Sherbourne, England. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best. There are many medicinal uses for the plant. Common names in other languages include many translations of the English cannonball tree.

It is native to the rainforests of Central and South America[1] and it is cultivated in many other tropical areas throughout the world because of its beautiful, fragrant flowers and large, interesting fruits. Veins on leaf undersides are pubescent. Back to Previous Page.

Silhouette of guiannensis tree Photograph by: Many animals feed on the pulp and seeds, including peccaries, the pacaand domestic chickens and pigs. An excellent, if rather terse, guide to couroupifa traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region.

Now containing plants. Garden Uses Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened guianejsis are dropping.

The seeds are covered with trichomes which may protect them as they pass through the animals’ digestive systems. Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world. New York Botanical Garden.