Cercospora kikuchii (Matsumato & Tomoyasu) M.W. Gardner Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science (). Cercospora kikuchii (T. Matsumoto & Tomoy.) M.W. Gardner, Proc. Indiana Acad. Sci.: 12 () [MB#]. Caused by a fungal pathogen, Cercospora kikuchii. Infection is favored by humid conditions and temperatures of 75 to 80 F or higher. Can be found throughout.
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However, the mutation EA occurred in a much higher frequency in lineage 4; among a total of 22 isolates, six isolates four haplotypes bear the mutation. Glycine max, Phaseolus spp. The six sequences of C. Koressaar T, Remm M. A monograph of the fungus genus Cercospora New York: When infected seed germinates the fungus invades the seedling tissue, retards growth and may cause death. Yields are usually not reduced but a high percentage of seed stain may be evident at harvest Sweets, Numerous cultivars, such as Morgan, have been registered as resistant to C.
Cryptic pathogenic species in a global agriculture system Cryptic species may be frequent in plant pathosystems [ 48 ]. To a certain extent, haplotype sharing took place between lineages 1 and 2 haplotypes A and B and lineages 1 and 3 haplotype M. The fastest evolving gene cfp mutated about 20 times faster than the slowest evolving gene ITS.
On older plants, young infections on stems and petioles appear as slightly sunken, irregular, reddish-purple areas, 1 to several millimetres long. In the United States delays in harvest did not affect the disease Wilcox et al. Lineage 4 was monophyletic, thrived in Argentina and the USA, and included the generalist Cercospora cf. These discolorations are often accompanied by wide cracks in the seed coat, usually extending transversely along the seed.
We then scanned the datasets of both cfp and tub independently with the program RDP3 [ 31 ] to search for intragenic recombination events using seven different recombination detection methods. Ma Z, Michailides TJ. Usually these young infected seedlings are killed. The amount of purple seed stain was significantly higher when tobacco ringspot virus was present in soybean 46, The multifunctional 6-methylsalicylic acid synthase gene of Penicillium patulum. The networks were also anticipated to provide insight about the geographic distribution of the molecular variation in each iikuchii, including the mutation EA that is known to confer resistance to benzimidazole fungicides in Cercospora.
Mating type gene analysis in apparently asexual Cercospora species is suggestive of cryptic sex. Production and storage of inoculum of Cercospora kikuchii for field studies. Crous PW, Braun U.
Pairwise sequence alignments Polyphasic identifications. Bayesian phylogeny consensus tree showing the relationships among causal agents of Cercospora leaf blight and purple seed stain of soybean. No other cookies than the ones mentioned above are used on our websites.
Cercospora Leaf Blight and Purple Seed Stain of Soybeans
Most likely, the lineages dispersed from their native Asian territories to the Americas only very recently, owing to human-mediated transport of asymptomatic plant materials. As a consequence, C. The analysis was carried out using two simultaneous runs of five million generations each, with cecospora cold and seven heated chains in each run; the temperature parameter was set to 0. Additional taxonomic and phylogenetic studies are necessary to confirm the extent to which speciation events have occurred and to define species boundaries within lineage 2 and 3.
Isolation of Light-Enhanced cDNAs of Cercospora kikuchii
Cercospora kikuchii is carried over on infected soybean debris. P and Cercospora sp. Open the calendar popup.
National Science Foundation Award This Add-on is available at http: Species concepts in Cercospora: Species of Cercospora associated with grey leaf spot of maize. Cookies are small text files that contain a string of characters and uniquely identifies a browser. The results suggested the following placements for the divergences: Each circle represents a given haplotype coded with letters ; a line linking two haplotypes indicates a single mutation step.
Reddish-purple spots, becoming angular to irregular, up to 1 cm diam. Click on the language titles to launch them. The synthesis of a 19 kilodalton zein protein in transgenic petunia plants. Kikucjii contrast, lineages 2 and 3 were polyphyletic and contained wide-host range species complexes.
Most likely, this resistance was achieved against lineage 4, the most frequent lineage in USA, and should be tested in Argentina and Brazil against lineage 1 before widespread deployment in plant breeding strategies.
The fourth major clade comprised six isolates from USA all belonging to lineage 4and exhibited a sister relationship to the remaining clades. DuPont Crop Protection Products. Cryptic fungal species unmasked. MrModeltest v2[Software] Program distributed by the author.
Disease Development Disease organism survives as mycelia on soybean residue and on the seed coat of infected seed. The protocols, primers, and PCR conditions to amplify actcalhisITS, and tef were essentially those described previously [ 6 ].
It is replaced each time there is a query done.