The book, written in Sanskrit, discusses theories and principles of governing a state. It is not an account of Mauryan administration. The title, Arthashastra, which . Artha Shastra by Acharya Chanakya and Urdu translation by Shan ul Haque Haqi, this is free download PDF copy of historical Urdu book. Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book free download. Artha Shastra by Acharya Chanakya and Urdu translation by Shan ul.

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Avoid War One can lose a war as easily as one can win. Societies and Military Power: Truly radical “Machiavellianism”, in the popular sense of that word, is classically expressed in Indian literature in the Arthashastra of Kautilya written long before the birth of Christ, ostensibly in the time of Chandragupta: The Search for India’s Lost Emperor.

The same individual is meant in each case. The Arthashastra dedicates Topics 30 through 47 discussing the role of government in setting up mines and factories, [79] gold and precious stone workshops, [80] commodities, [81] forest produce, [82] armory, [83] standards for balances and weight measures, [84] standards for length and time measures, [84] customs, [85] agriculture, [86] liquor, [86] abattoirs and courtesans, [87] shipping, [88] domesticated animals such as cattle, horses and elephants along with animal welfare when they are injured or too old, [89] pasture land, [90] military preparedness [91] and intelligence gathering operations of the state.

athashastra It opens by stating that wherever “good people are snubbed, and evil people are embraced” distress increases. A state, asserts Arthashastra text in verses 7. There is no doubt, states Olivelle, that “revisions, errors, additions and perhaps even subtractions have occurred” in Arthashastra since its final redaction in CE or earlier.


Book 1 and Book 2 of the text discusses how the crown prince should be trained and how the king himself should continue learning, selecting his key Mantri ministersofficials, administration, staffing of the court personnel, magistrates and judges. Muhammad Iqbal Thursday, November 12, The text advocates “land reform”, states Brians, where land is taken from landowners arthxshastra farmers who own land but do not grow anything for a long time, and given to poorer farmers who want to grow crops but do not own any land.

The best king is the Raja- rishithe sage king.

Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book free download –

The just and victorious king administers justice in accordance with Dharma established lawSanstha customary lawNyaya edicts, announced law and Vyavahara evidence, conduct. Understand the opponent and seek to outwit him.

In Topic 19, chapter 2, the text suggests:. To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make arthaahastra of the [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth. When the degree of progress is the same in pursuing peace and waging war, peace is to be preferred.

Arthashastra in Urdu by Shan ul Haque Haqi PDF Book free download

Academic disciplines Political science political scientists International relations theory Comparative politics. Part of a series on Hindu scriptures and texts Shruti Smriti Vedas.

The Arthashastra, in Topic 6, describes checks and continuous measurement, in secret, of the integrity and lack of integrity of all ministers and high officials in the kingdom. Topic 2 of the Arthashastra, or chapter 5 of Book 1, is dedicated to rathashastra continuous training and development of the king, where the text advises that he maintain a counsel of elders, from each field of various sciences, whose accomplishments he knows and respects.


The Arthashastra then posits its own theory that there are four necessary fields of knowledge, the Vedasthe Anvikshaki philosophy of SamkhyaYoga and Lokayata[note 2] the science of government and the science of economics Varta of agriculture, cattle and trade.

Crime and punishment It is power and power alone which, only when exercised by the king with impartiality and in proportion to guilt either over his son or his enemy, maintains both this world and the next. The book, written in Sanskrit, examines hypotheses and standards of representing a state. Arthashastfa University Press,pp. Agriculture on privately owned land was taxed at the rate of Reading About the World, Vol.

Arthashastra | Urdu Meaning of Arthashastra

As one plucks one ripe fruit after another from a garden, so should the king from his kingdom. This translation is from Weber: In the presence of governance, arthashastrq weak resists the strong. It asserts, in chapter 4. Archived 31 January at the Wayback Machine. Then Sadgunya six forms of non-war pressure.

The text is an ancient treatise written in 1st millennium BCE Sanskrit, coded, dense and can be interpreted in many ways, with English and Sanskrit being grammatically and syntactically different languages.