Taguchi recomienda el uso de arreglos ortogonales para hacer matrices que contengan los controles y los factores de ruido en el diseño de experimentos. Taguchi method with Orthogonal Arrays reducing the sample size from. , to only seleccionó utilizando el método de Taguchi con arreglos ortogonales. Taguchi, el ingeniero que hizo los arreglos ortogonales posible con el fin de obtener productos robustos.

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Module 1 is used for toddlers that do not use arrglos to communicate. Table 8 presents the summary of the 8 items that they found. The next step was to train the ANN. Minimizing the error is achieved by sending back the error from the output layer to gill the involved hidden layers which get a proportional part of that error, each neuron takes a proportional part and retrains the weight for each input during the next epoch [23].

Alto, Medio y Bajo. Only the combination of those 3 areas already provides an Autism diagnosis. Therefore the complete orthogonal array of 27 cases was taken as training data. Currently there is no biological test for the diagnosis orgogonales autism.

Wrreglos number of cases for the network training data was minimized using the Taguchi method with Orthogonal Arrays.

Tests and results from the ANN were observed to find the factor’s that consistently generate gin Autism diagnosis. The Taguchi method proposes a fractional factorial design based on orthogonal arrays OA which are tables of significant population distribution.

The big difference between both works is that they used ortoonales to train the ADT while the methodology here presented used only 27 cases using the Taguchi method to select the training data. That means that the complete factorial design would be ofcases.

Unfortunately this type of evaluation based on sums is not focusing on the main aspects that determine Autism diagnosis, therefore there are many aspects that are believed to be relevant symptoms for Autism but the real impact factors have not been determined according to their severity or impact. The objective of the instrument is not to evaluate knowledge ortogohales in the subject but rather to evaluate if the subject wants to participate in a social exchange [19].


It can be observed that most of these methods have used a large sample size in order to train their models and none of them have tried to dw the sample size. Wing, “The autistic spectrum”, The lancet,pp.

Only when the three sums reach the threshold or cutoff, then the child can be diagnosed with Autism. The population used to train the system consisted of individuals with autism and 15 individual without autism, cases were used to verify it reaching an accuracy of The network was used to classify the 12 items from the ADOS-G tool algorithm into three levels of impact for Autism diagnosis: Applying the tayuchi rule.

Metodo Taguchi – VideoZoos

In this case, the 12 items from the ADOS-G tool are the 12 parameters and since they have 3 possible states, then the OA corresponds to the L 27 orthogonal array which is presented in Table 3 and it contains the most representative combinations for the 12 items at different levels. The input of a neuron would be the weighted sum of its entire input links plus a bias or offset. Faced with the challenge of characterizing or measuring symptoms and locate a patient at a functioning level, the ADOS -G has the advantage, with its variety of tasks, to make a diagnosis on observational basis.

Observation of the orthogonal array was needed to find the factors that consistently generate an ASD diagnosis. Validation of the ANN was performed with11 real cases that were not used for training before.

Remembering that values from the ANN output above or equal to 0. Applying the chain rule for the change in the error as function of the output and the change in the output as a function of the changes in the input. These results yield to a sensitivity of 1 and specificity of 1.

Where The error is define as the quadratic error E p at the output units for pattern p between the desired output and the real output is the desired output for unit o in pattern p. The order of the items within each impact range was not selected specifically. It is considered a spectrum because the core impairments in communication and social interaction vary greatly. It usually begins during the first 24 months of life; this period is defined as crucial for the maturation of human neural circuits.


Although the causes of ASD remain unknown, all recent clinical data of neuroanatomical, biochemical, neurophysiologic, genetic and immunological characters indicate that autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a clear neurobiological basis.

Evaluación de la Robustez del sistema Mahalanobis-Taguchi a diferentes Arreglos Factoriales.

The methodology here presented can be replicated to different Autism diagnosis tests to classify their impact areas as well. The goal is to look for a reliable number of that could be used to train an ANN to generate a reliable diagnosis of ASD [31]. The training samples were selected as an orthogonal array using the Taguchi method to pick the least number of combinations that would be a representative sample suitable for training.

The evaluations, made by trained and experienced health care professionals, are very important in order to assess strengths and weaknesses in the child and associated developmental impairments.

It is interesting to see that the 3 high impact factors A2, B5 and B9, one medium impact factor B1 and one low impact factor B10 are included in Wall’s items as well. ANN must be trained with examples either supervised where both the input and the desired output are entered or unsupervised where the desired output is unknown.

Increasing the number of hidden neurons can prevent from falling in a local minimum and diminish the error, but it might consist of a long training process [23].