Alankara, also referred to as palta or alankaram, is a concept in Indian classical music and —Natya Shastra Bharata Muni ( BCE CE). Here are . Search found 2 books and stories containing Alamkarashastra, Alaṃkāraśāstra, Alaṃkāra-śāstra, Alankarashastra or Alankara-shastra. You can also click to the. Alankara Sastra Parichiti. Mishra, Bhabagrahi and Mishra, Santilata () Alankara Sastra Parichiti. Friends Publishers, Cuttack.

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Dandin also, like Bhamaha, calls Bhavikatva or Bhavika, a Prabandha guna.

Alaṅkāra-śāstra – Hindupedia, the Hindu Encyclopedia

Then Abhinava adopts the seventh view often in dealing with the definitions of particular Laksanas and in suitably illustrating them. Bhanudatta’s New and Unexplained Nomenclatures 52 Ratnes’vara considers the Vaidarbhas as experts fit to sit in judg- ment on this subject.

Of the definitions, eight alnkara common to both, those of Bhusana, Aksara sanghata, S’obha, Gunakirtana, Manoratha, Prccha, Sams’aya and Prapti ; the definition of Karya of the Upajati list is the same as that of Garhana in the Anustubh list ; five definitions agree in substance, those sasta Udaharana, Nirukta, Siddhi, Padoccaya and Drstanta ; the difinition of Anuvrtti of the Upajati list agrees in substance with that of Daksinya of the Anustubh list.

One class of them looks like Alahkara, being mere turns of expression. Verify the characters on the left. Even as szstra grants high flights in supreme moments, he grants even the bare S’abdacitra ample provision in Rasabhasa.

Though one had not seen the Himalayas, he devoted a canto to its description with all the stock-in-trade and trite figures, mistaken informations filling verse after verse.


Alankara Sastra Parichiti

II — Ramayana, Aranya, 16, The natural grace of a verse even in the absence of Alankara as in the verses of Amaruka is due to Laksana.

It is however clear that Bhavikatva was in vogue among critics in the pre-Bhamaha days and that when we come to Bhamaha and Dandin, already guess-work had started. Laksana is Kavya itself while Alahkara is extraneous orna- ment, Prthaksiddha, Vastvantara. The alankkara Parisarhkhya is a description of the rain season in the Ramayana: Zastra it is out of an artistic sense of uniformity that Bhoja made Laksanas also Thanks many times over!

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These three become infinite with manifold species. II, Chapter 12, p. When a poet describes a thing as it is he must not present us with the well-known and common- place aspects of things, a description of which does not make the picture live before our eyes, Thus a case of Svabhavokti is most liable to the flaw of Avacyarvacana described in the terms and Hence did Bana qualify Jati by Agramyatva and Rudrata by Pustarthatva.

Of these three, it seems the second should be taken first. To quote only one instance, we shall pick out this description of the broken Vis’vamitra from the Balakanda: The owl, the jackal, the water of the river sqstra through skeletons, — eeriness gathers round when we read 11— M.

Bain Sjeyen Arts and Seven Confusions: In his comments on S’!. I highly recommend others to use this site. The Laksanas are and in their combi- nations with wastra Alankara, they produce many varieties. The figures which Bhamaha does not accept are not referred to by him in such terms. Bharata meant it to be on a par with Alahkara and Guna as a feature of Kavya in general.


But Bhamaha does not stop here. He does not illustrate these as he illustrates the metres and Alankaras. The sqstra recension in Anustubh verses is found in the Kas’i edition which also gives in the footnote the Upajati recension. Of what use are ornaments on a carcass? Kavyamala Gucchaka I Balaramayaija of Rajas’ekhara.


Ruyyaka no doubt knows this but he adds, that when this Sadharanikarana floods the heart of the reader, the Bhavika becomes Rasavad. It’s my third order and i’m very pleased with you.

Such poems are called by the first Laksana called Bhusana, which Bharata defines as the ample use of Gunas and Alankaras. Alajkara text here is very corrupt and perhaps lost also here and there.

Dandin does not mention alwnkara word Varta, amidst Alaiikaras but uses the words Jati and Svabhavokti as synonyms. This succinct account of metaphor in Sanskrit Poetics consists of the following chapters: For privacy concerns, please view our Privacy Policy.

The Gaudas, on the other hand, love hyperboles. All poetic w ritihg is accepted because it is adorned by Vakrokti. Grammatical precision and enough words are necessary.

Bana says that Jati or Svabhavokti must not be Gramya, ordinary, vulgar, insipid or stale. He takes the bees in a group in feminine gender to bear comparison with a lady, a single and feminine Upameya. Murry says in his Problem of Style: