He acquired physics, chemistry, mathematics, and geography books and .. Iran Nameh, Special Issue on Ahmad Kasravi, 20/, Kasravi’s writings may be treated in four phases. First, in the period from the mid- s to the mids, he published textbooks for teaching. James Buchan considers Ahmad Kasravi, famed historian of Iran’s Sign up for Bookmarks: discover new books in our weekly email.

Author: Kigabei Dourisar
Country: Martinique
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Literature
Published (Last): 28 March 2008
Pages: 28
PDF File Size: 3.36 Mb
ePub File Size: 19.14 Mb
ISBN: 274-8-81797-765-4
Downloads: 58030
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Dilabar

Sufi Castigator: Ahmad Kasravi and the Iranian Mystical Tradition

Personalities involved in the Persian Bookks Revolution. Bred up for the Shia clergy, his life was changed in by the popular movement to secure parliamentary government from the feckless and extravagant Qajar monarchy. These kwsravi latest sects were formed by two brothers who were followers of “Bob” once. In Ahmad Kasravi led the way in establishing the ancestry of the Safavids dynasty with the publication of three influential articles, and disputed the validity of the ‘official’ Safavid family tree contained in the Safvat al-Safa, and argued convincingly that the ancestors of Shaykh Safi al-Din, who founded the Safavid Order tariqawere indigenous inhabitants of Iran and were of pure Aryan stock.

About three years later, at the urging of his family he left that trade to resume his theological studies. They even excommunicated him in an attempt to turn the faithful against him. Khomeini, himself a brilliant stylist, conceded on television in that Kasravi knew his history and was a good writer, but was a vile man who sought prophethood. He distinguished two different types of Islam: Investigating the linguistic relationship of the Iranians of the past was just as much an assertion of their linguistic unity in the future as a means of demonstrating that every Iranian rejoiced in the same, continuous identity Manafzadeh,p.

Azerbaijan became a theater of operations. According to Kasravi, the Shi’i practice of dissimulation of one’s real kasrabi taqiyeh when survival is at stake, was in fact a means of deception which legitimized falsehood. Journal of Azerbaijani Studies.

KASRAVI, AḤMAD i. LIFE AND WORK – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Thus it was that he ventured onto a dangerous path that all the secular intellectuals of his period attempted to bypass. A protest against mismanagement and famine and the sale by the Qajars of mining and trading concessions to shady City of London interests changed on the streets of Tabriz and Tehran into a full-blown movement for liberty and the rule of law.


In the end he accepted the position of judge in the Tabriz appellate court, but three weeks later, on 21 Februarya coup by the Cossack division under the command of Colonel Reza Khan put an end to it. Kasravi was out of work Manafzadeh,p.

KASRAVI, AḤMAD vii. – Encyclopaedia Iranica

Having had a traditional clerical education, Kasravi must have anticipated the traditional response of the clerical community to his discourse. Intellectual Traditions Series Bibliotheca Iranica: Later, Shari’ati too identified Safavid Shi’ism as a ‘polytheistic’ religion.

To this, the first democratic revolution in Asia, Kasravi brings a mixture of philosophical kasravu and direct experience:. Iranian Languages and Culture. CPD consists of any educational activity which helps to maintain and develop knowledge, problem-solving, and technical skills with the aim to provide better health care through higher standards. To this, the first democratic revolution in Asia, Kasravi brings a mixture of philosophical sensibility and direct experience: Kasravi was so engrossed in kazravi research that he was not even aware of the deposition of the Qajar family and the accession of the Pahlavi dynasty 12 December If you enter several tags, separate with commas.

Kasravi provides a fascinating topic for those with interests in Sufism and Iranian studies as he attempted to produce a form of Iranian identity that he believed was compatible with the modern age and Iranian nationalism. The man who is burning the Qur’an! While Abdolhossein Teymourtash was a strong supporter of his works, Mohammad Ali Foroughi is said to have taken strong exception to his literary theories and banned him from contributing to the Farhangestan or to continue publishing.

Today, the consensus among Safavid historians is that the Safavid family hailed from Persian Kurdistan.

His history of the constitutional movement was published in Persian for the first time starting in as a supplement to this magazine. From the age of 25, when he began to write in Tabriz inuntil his assassination 30 years later inhe wrote numerous articles and published some 70 books and pamphlets on a wide range of subjects from history and linguistics to social issues and religious reformism.

This break in the alliance between clergy and liberals is the dominant theme or tragedy of modern Iranian history. Ferdows, Tehran,pp. Later, he joined the Iranian Constitutional Revolution. Add to Wish List.

Instead of functioning as the enlightened shepherd who would lead his flock gooks spiritual and material felicity, they misled the people, perpetrated ignorance, deprivation and superstition. From the Shi’i community’s point of view, Kasravi crossed the Rubicon when he attacked the authenticity of certain essential pillars of Twelver Shi’i thought and insulted certain highly revered Shi’i infallibles.

  DAHLE 40104 PDF

Sheikh Fazlollah was executed by the constitutionalists on 31 July The occupation of the country by foreign troops, which lasted until the end of the war, created a condition of disorder and fostered intense political rivalry within the Assembly and in the press. This liberal Iranian view has its best expression in the opening to Ahmad Kasravi’s Tarikh-e Mashrute-ye Iran, or Kasrqvi of the Iranian Constitutional Revolution, which first saw the light in Arabic incame out in various Persian forms in the s and is now partly available in a superb English translation: He abandoned his clerical training kasrvi this event and enrolled in the American Memorial School of Tabriz.

Submitted tags will be reviewed by site administrator before it is posted online. The Iranian revolution Iran reviews. Learn More about VitalSource Bookshelf. It could be justifiably argued that both Mohammad Taqi Ali Shariati’s father and Ali Shari’ati were sensitive to and influenced by Kasravi’s criticisms and denunciation of Shi’i excesses and the clerical institution. Although Kasravi had written an important book called Shari’at Ahmadi on the osul and foru’ of Islam and Shi’ism, he gradually began to question not only the role and legitimacy of the clergy, but even the basis of Shi’ism.

Still, he approved of several aspects of Western civilization, such as constitutional government, patriotism, the rule of law, modern science, and the textile and agricultural industries, and he urged his compatriots to take full advantage of certain scientific and technological innovations idem,nos. In short, the new parliament, instead of merely interpreting and enforcing the divine law known as sharia, would actually give law to the Muslims.

Kasravi published and served as the editor-in-chief of two papers from until his death in His principal bugbear was superstition, or rather the parade of Shia ceremonies that punctuate the Iranian calendar, the cursing of the early caliphs, and the self-flagellation and mourning for the prophet’s family, persecuted and done to death by the Arab dynasties.