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Three stage compression with flash intercoolers. Mass of refrigerant at point 4 required to be circulated through the third evaporator or the highest temperature evaporator, ft x10 Some form of cooling arrangement usually water cooling is employed in the absorber to remove the heat of solution evolved there. The rammed air used for cooling is expanded in the first cooling turbine and leaves it at a pressure of 0.

The pressure of air increases from 0. R of system, [ Am. The refrigerating capacity required is 10 formes. Since the area under each curve gives the work done to some scale, during each operation, it therefore follows that the net work done during one cycle will be given by the enclosed area of the diagram as shown shaded in Fig. The heat which brings about a change of stale with no change in temperature is called hitenr or hidden fu nt.

In case the temperature involved is above www. Complete or perfect intercooling. The air leaving the main compressor at pressure 3,5 bar is first cooled in the heat exchanger having effectiveness of 0. We know that C. The process represents isentropic expansion of air in the cooling turbine upto the cabin pressure and the process ‘ represents actual expansion of air in the cooling turbine.

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This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. Finally, the air is passed through the cooling turbine and then it is supplied lo the cabin at a pressure of 1. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

The evaporator provides an additional cooling effect through evaporation of a refrigerant such as water. The coding bdow this temperature will result in the condensation of moisture, The theoretical C, O P, of the refrigerating cycle ; 2. L5 4W per tonne of refrigeration is required to maintain conditionong temperature of 40 a C in the refrigerator.

Let these two lines intersect at point 3. We know that the fundamental units in 5. The cooling takes place in 10 hours. The mixture of steam and water vapour passes through the venturi-tube of the ejector and gets compressed.

Textbook of Refrigeration and Air Conditioning

The area below the T-S diagram of a thermodynamic process represents the heat absorbed or rejected during that process. Et may be noted that a vapour becomes dry.

The remaining cycle is same as discussed in the last article. Since the return air from the conditioned space is mixed with outside air before entry to the cooling coil in the ratio of 4: Air Refrigeration Systems m 95 and C. If the actual C. For air assume law for expansion. A little consideration will show that when the operations are textbiok in the reversed order, the cycle draws heat from the cold refrigeratiob and rejects it to the hot body.

The temperature rise of ram air in the heat exchanger is limited to 80 K. The pressure difference between the generator and ttextbook absorber and the gravity due to the height difference of the two shells is utilised to create the pressure for the spray. State of a system.

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Textbook of Refrigeration and Air-conditioning by R.S. Khurmi

If, 2 is -ve ; internal energy of the gas decreases Le. P is obtained from the fundamentals as discussed below: Now from point 1, draw a constant entropy line intersecting the horizontal condenser pressure line at point 2, as shown in Fig.

It is usually denoted by h fg. Describe with a sketch a boot-strap cycle of air refrigeration system. L Cycle with dry saturated vapour after compression, 2.

The condenser temperature is 40 n C The liquid refrigerant leaving the airr is sub-cooled to 30 C C. It thus follows that when two bodies are in thermal equilibrium with each other, their temperatures are equal.

The air from the cooler is now drawn into the expander cylinder where it is expanded i sen tropic refrigeeation from pressure p 3 to the refrigerator pressure p 4 which is equal to the atmospheric pressure.

In tin aeroplane, a simple air refrigeration is used. These changes of state occur at the same temperature and pressure combinations for any given substance. Mathematically, Work done – F x x www.

This is necessary in order to increase the absorption capacity of water, www.

Full text of “A Textbook Of Refrigeration And Air Conditioning By R. S. Khurmi And J. K Gupta”

These are known as: P, is known as relative i nefficient of performance. But in actual practice, it is not necessary’ to express all lengths in metres, all masses in kilograms and all limes in seconds.

It is further cooled in the cooling turbine by the process of expansion.